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List of United Nations organizations
The following is a list of the major existing intergovernmental organizations IGOs. The UN also includes various Funds, Programmes and specialized agencies :. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. See also: Admiralty law , United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea , international waters , and territorial waters. Main articles: Regional organization and Continental union. See also: Law enforcement agency and police.
The Charter allowed for the creation of any other entities that were seen as required. Since its creation, the United Nations is now considerably larger, encompassing numerous specialised organisations and agencies, programmes and funds, training and research bodies as well as other service providers. There are also numerous subsidiary bodies, including committees, commissions, boards, councils, panels, and working groups some of which this list includes. This list is a work in progress and should be cross checked with other sources. A more comprehensive list is available at the United Nations System article.
The UN maintains close working relationships with 15 international organizations that have been designated as "specialized agencies" of the UN, even though they are independent legal entities. Each specialized agency operates autonomously under the UN's umbrella, with its own governing body, procedural rules, membership, and funding mechanisms. Others were created more recently to meet emerging needs. An alphabetical list of the UN's specialized agencies follows. For each specialized agency, its headquarters city, a brief description of its mission, and a link to its website are provided. Search this Guide Search.
150+ List Of International Organization, Headquarters & Their Heads Free PDF – Download Now
International organization , institution drawing membership from at least three states, having activities in several states, and whose members are held together by a formal agreement. The Union of International Associations , a coordinating body, differentiates between the more than international governmental organizations IGOs , which have been established by intergovernmental agreements and whose members are states, and the approximately 6, nongovernmental organizations NGOs , whose members are associations or individuals. IGOs range in size from three members to more than e. Whereas some IGOs are designed to achieve a single purpose e. Their organizational structures can be simple or highly complex depending on their size and tasks. Although nascent international organizations were formed by Greek city-states and were envisioned by European writers such as Pierre Dubois c. Following the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, leaders of the major European powers met periodically, in a system of consultation known as the Concert of Europe , to attempt to preserve the status quo and to protect their governments from internal rebellion.
Section 4. Since its establishment in , the United Nations has been active in extensive areas including peace-keeping, arms control, the North-South problem, social and human rights issues. Following the progress made in East-West dialogue and other recent changes in the international situation, it has stepped up its activities while its roles and responsibilities are being expanded. In the area of peace-keeping, in particular, the United Nations has played an important role in Namibia achieving independence. The peace-keeping operations of the United Nations, traditionally geared to truce supervision activities, has expanded into more comprehensive activities including observation of elections, as occasioned by its operations in Namibia. In August , the U. Security Council decided on comprehensive and mandatory sanctions, for the first time in the past 22 years against Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
In an increasingly interconnected and interdependent world, some issues are too big for countries to handle on their own. Countries need to work together, and they do so in part through international organizations that encourage cooperation and diplomatic resolutions to global problems. This is an introduction to six of the most important international organizations in the world today. All were established after World War II. Many of these organizations are discussed in detail under other Global Era topics such as trade, terrorism, and global health. As the issues tackled on a global level evolve, international institutions need to adapt.
Some of them, such as the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), were given a broad mandate, whereas others like the World.
List of international organizations based in Geneva
Candidates who are going to write the competitive exams like CDS, NDA, AFCAT and from other fields, can read the list of international organization and their headquarters including their abbreviation and formation date. In most of the competitive exams, a famous international organization will be asked, the questions could be asked to choose the headquarter location or their abbreviation etc. Aspirants can find the list of important international organisations and their headquarters in PDF format below. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
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