File Name: case study and theory in political science .zip
- Rational choice theory
- Political science
- Political Theory
- Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper
By Alexander L. George and Andrew Bennett. The use of case studies to build and test theories in political science and the other social sciences has increased in recent years.
Rational choice theory
This article presents a reconstructed definition of the case study approach to research. This definition emphasizes comparative politics, which has been closely linked to this method since its creation. The article uses this definition as a basis to explore a series of contrasts between cross-case study and case study research. This article attempts to provide better understanding of this persisting methodological debate as a matter of tradeoffs, which may also contribute to destroying the boundaries that have separated these rival genres within the subfield of comparative politics. Keywords: reconstructed definition , case study approach , comparative politics , contrasts , cross-case study research , case study research , tradeoffs , methodological debate. Judging by the large volume of recent scholarly output the case study research design plays a central role in anthropology, archeology, business, education, history, medicine, political science, psychology, social work, and sociology Gerring a , ch. Even in economics and political economy, fields not usually noted for their receptiveness to case-based work, there has been something of a renaissance.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. George and A. George , A. Bennett Published Sociology.
Theories are formulated to explain, predict, and understand phenomena and, in many cases, to challenge and extend existing knowledge within the limits of critical bounding assumptions. The theoretical framework is the structure that can hold or support a theory of a research study. The theoretical framework introduces and describes the theory that explains why the research problem under study exists. Abend, Gabriel. Theory Building in Applied Disciplines. A theoretical framework consists of concepts and, together with their definitions and reference to relevant scholarly literature, existing theory that is used for your particular study.
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As principle units of observation and carriers of information, cases constitute the cornerstone of research design and conduct Keman, The nature and number of the cases selected for examination and comparison, therefore, to a considerable extent determine the quality and reliability of the process and outcome of the comparative analysis of politics. Such importance of case selection is amply demonstrated by the continuous and voluminous debates and discussions within the discipline of political science Brady and Collier, in Keman, ; Keman, In particular, the role and status of case studies, by which is generally meant studies of one single or limited number of cases, is often contested.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper
Rational choice theory , also called rational action theory or choice theory , school of thought based on the assumption that individuals choose a course of action that is most in line with their personal preferences. Rational choice theory is used to model human decision making , especially in the context of microeconomics , where it helps economists better understand the behaviour of a society in terms of individual actions as explained through rationality , in which choices are consistent because they are made according to personal preference. Rational choice theory increasingly is applied to other areas as well, including evolutionary theory, political science , and warfare. In rational choice theory, agents are described by their unchanging sets of preferences over all conceivable global outcomes.
Social science is the branch of science devoted to the study of societies and the relationships among individuals within those societies. The subject of conversation is the social sciences in the twentieth century and the role of large-scale philanthropy, using Rockefeller philanthropy in particular as a case study. It changes the already accepted principles through its new research methodologies.
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2 Harry Eckstein, “Case Study and Theory in Political Science,” in Handbook of Political Science, Vol. 7: Strategies of Inquiry, eds. Fred I. Greenstein and Nelson.
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