File Name: advantages and disadvantages of devolution of power in zimbabwe .zip
Most countries are experimenting with or contemplating some form of education decentralization.
- Devolution of Power – An Idea for Zimbabwe?
- Devolution and its benefits for Zim
- Unitary state
- A Case for Decentralization in Zimbabwe’s local government system: Challenges and Opportunities
Devolution of Power – An Idea for Zimbabwe?
AS the much-awaited constitutional outreach programme finally kicks-off, one thematic area that looks set to dominate the public hearings is that of systems of governance, particularly the decentralisation of administration and devolution of power from Harare to regions or provinces. Virtually every party claims to support devolution. This could be due to lack of understanding of what devolution really is, or the usual pretence and lack of sincerity by politicians. The only commonality across the various party positions on systems of governance is that after years of a unitary, centralised state, now is the time to decentralise. Decentralisation is fundamentally an argument about governance. Decentralisation was sparked by close to years of highly authoritarian rule and centralised governments, starting from the days of Cecil John Rhodes up to date. These administrative structures retain control over decision-making, resource allocation, and the information and knowledge required if people are to play an effective part in development activities.
Devolution and its benefits for Zim
Devolution of power in Zimbabwe's new constitutional order: Opportunities and potential constraints. Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted constitutions which legislate different forms of decentralisation for their governance structures and systems. This currency and desirability for decentralisation is built on a consensus of African governments, international development agencies and civil society organisations that see it as a democratic system of government which advances citizen participation in human development. This consensus further sees decentralisation as a key for local democratisation in Africa since it brings a locally responsive government closer to the people and makes government more accountable to local people. Although there are four main forms of decentralisation, namely, administrative, political, fiscal and market, 1 many African governments have chosen to implement political decentralisation devolution and administrative decentralisation deconcentration 2 with those running devolved systems of government being seen and acclaimed as more democratic. Of late, Zimbabwe has joined this group of African countries with constitutions that legislate a devolved governance system.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Africa's continuing reliance on foreign aid has increased the opportunities for bilateral and multilateral aid agencies to influence policy making in the region.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single entity in which the central government is ultimately supreme. Unitary states stand in contrast with federations , also known as federal states. In unitary states, the central government may create or abolish administrative divisions sub-national units.
A Case for Decentralization in Zimbabwe’s local government system: Challenges and Opportunities
In the post-independence epoch the expectation was that the new majority government would address the centralization of governance which was motivated by racial imbalances. However, decentralization was not achieved as local government was not recognized in the Lancaster House Constitution adopted at independence in For years this allowed the central government to control all the local government structures in the country. The relationship between local governments and the central government became bitter and tense after the formation of a formidable opposition, MDC, which has been controlling most urban local authorities since its formation. The Constitution has not improved things either as the central government has not been willing to implement the new law to its latter and spirit. In all this it is the citizens who have been bearing the brunt as there has been poor service delivery owing to the bad relationship between the center and local structures. The study found out that if decentralization is fully implemented in Zimbabwe it has the potential of bringing efficient and effective service delivery, citizen participation, democracy and accountability in the local government system.
When a part of the work is entrusted to others, it is known as delegation. Decentralisation extends to the lowest level of the organisation. Thus, decentralisation is concerned with the decentralisation of decision-making authority to the lower levels in managerial hierarchy. So, the degree of decentralisation is determined by the authority given. For example, manager A in a company is given the authority to buy certain material worth Rs. It is clear that the degree of decentralisation is less in case of A.
The devolution of governmental powers and resources has always been a contested subject in Zimbabwe, as it has been in many other countries. The controversies that characterised the adoption of devolution have continued to shape or impede its implementation since , when the new Constitution of Zimbabwe was adopted. The new administration of President Emmerson Mnangagwa has signalled that it will implement devolution during the government term. The nature of the devolution to be implemented however remains unclear. This paper interrogates the constitutional provisions regarding, and the emerging debates about, devolution in Zimbabwe.
based on real devolution of power from central governments to newly energized participatory local governance structures. The Caribbean is not alone in.
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