File Name: signs and symptoms of breast cancer .zip
Cancer occurs when changes called mutations take place in genes that regulate cell growth. The mutations let the cells divide and multiply in an uncontrolled way. Breast cancer is cancer that develops in breast cells. Typically, the cancer forms in either the lobules or the ducts of the breast.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women in New York State. On average, more than 14, women in New York are newly diagnosed with breast cancer each year, and more than 2, women die annually from the disease.
Regular check-ups and screening tests can find breast cancer at an earlier stage, when treatment works best. The most important action women can take is to have routine breast cancer screenings. All women can get breast cancer. Although the causes of breast cancer are still unknown, there are some factors that may increase women's chances of getting the disease:. Even if women have one or more of these risk factors, it does not mean they will get breast cancer.
Also, many women who get breast cancer do not have any risk factors. This is why screening is important for all women. Women with a personal or family history close family relative of breast cancer may want to consider genetic counseling to find out if they are at greater risk for getting the disease. While very rare, it is possible for men to get breast cancer. Symptoms of breast cancer in men are very similar to breast cancer in women.
The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. A mass that is painless, hard, and has irregular edges is more likely to be cancerous, but breast cancers can be tender, soft, or rounded.
It is important that any new mass, lump, or change in your breast be checked by a health care provider. Sometimes breast cancer can spread to underarm lymph nodes and cause a lump or swelling there, even before a tumor in the breast tissue is large enough to be felt. You should tell your health care provider about any swelling in the lymph nodes. Research is being done to find out how to best prevent breast cancer. There are ways to lower your risk, which include:.
Breast cancer screening means checking the breasts for cancer before there are signs or symptoms of sickness. Three main tests are used to screen the breasts for cancer.
Talk to your health care provider about which tests are right for you, and when you should have them. At this time, guidelines suggest that the best way to find breast cancer is with a mammogram.
Clinical breast exams or self-exams alone are not enough to detect breast cancer. Women who choose to have clinical breast exams and to perform breast self-exams should also get regular mammograms.
Medical clinics, hospitals, or health care providers' offices offer breast cancer screening. Women who want to be screened for breast cancer should talk to their health care providers about when and how often to get screened. Their health care providers can help make appointments for screening. The call is free, and the service is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Follow us on: health. Navigation menu. PDF, KB,2pg. Early detection is the key to survival. Who gets breast cancer? Although the causes of breast cancer are still unknown, there are some factors that may increase women's chances of getting the disease: Getting older - Most women are diagnosed over 60 years of age Having a first menstrual period at a young age younger than 12 years Starting menopause at an older age older than 55 years Never giving birth, or giving birth to a first child after age 30 Not breastfeeding Having had breast cancer, or a close family member mother, sister, father, daughter who has had breast cancer, especially early pre-menopausal breast cancer Having certain gene mutations such as BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 Being overweight or obese Drinking alcohol Not getting enough exercise Having a history of radiation exposure to the chest Taking hormone replacement therapy for an extended period of time.
Other possible signs of breast cancer that should be checked by a health care provider include: Swelling of all or part of a breast even if no lump is felt Skin irritation or dimpling Breast or nipple pain Nipple retraction when the nipple turns inward Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin Nipple discharge other than breast milk.
There are ways to lower your risk, which include: Drinking less alcohol Getting regular exercise Staying a healthy weight Breastfeeding exclusively breast feeding during the first 6 months, and continuing for 12 months or longer Talking to your health care provider about hormone replacement therapy, if you take it Getting regular recommended cancer screenings.
What screening tests are done for breast cancer? Mammogram - A mammogram is a low-dose X-ray of the breast. Health care providers use a mammogram to look for early signs of breast cancer. Women ages 50 to 74 years old should have a screening mammogram every two years. Women ages 40—49 years old are encouraged to talk to their health care providers about when and how often they should have screening mammograms.
A woman who has a high risk for breast cancer, as determined by a health care provider, may need to begin screening earlier. Regular mammograms are the best test health care providers have to find breast cancer early. Having regular mammograms can lower the risk of dying from breast cancer.
Recommendations for when women should begin screening, and how often women should be screened, may differ among organizations that publish screening recommendations.
Women should be aware of their own risk for breast cancer and decide, with a health care provider, when and how to be screened for breast cancer. Breast self-exam - A breast self-exam is when women check their own breasts for lumps, changes in size or shape of the breast, or any other changes in the breasts or underarm.
Who do I call for free or low-cost screening? The New York State Department of Health Cancer Services Program provides breast cancer screening at no cost to women who: Do not have health insurance OR have health insurance that does not cover the cost of these screenings Cannot pay for these screenings Meet income eligibility requirements Meet age requirements Live in New York State.
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Breast Cancer Screening and Prevention
In , just under 50, women were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer. If it's treated early enough, breast cancer can be prevented from spreading to other parts of the body. Coronavirus and breast cancer During the coronavirus outbreak the way you recieve treatment and attend appointments is likely to change. The breasts are made up of fat, connective tissue and thousands of tiny glands called lobules, which produce milk. When a woman has a baby, the milk is delivered to the nipple through tiny tubes called ducts, which allow her to breastfeed.
Most symptomatic women with breast cancer have relatively short diagnostic intervals but a substantial minority experience prolonged journeys to diagnosis. Atypical presentations with symptoms other than breast lump may be responsible. Symptoms were categorised topographically. We investigated variation in the length of the patient interval time from symptom onset to presentation and the primary care interval time from presentation to specialist referral across symptom groups using descriptive analyses and quantile regression. Quantile regression indicated that the differences in the patient interval persisted after adjusting for age and ethnicity, but there was little variation in primary care interval for the majority of women. About 1 in 6 women with breast cancer present with a large spectrum of symptoms other than breast lump.
Breast cancer (female)
Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in women and the second leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer. Advances in screening and treatment for breast cancer have improved survival rates dramatically since The chance of any woman dying from breast cancer is around 1 in 38 2.