All About Hiv And Aids Pdf

all about hiv and aids pdf

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AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV attacks and destroys the infection-fighting CD4 cells of the immune system.

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What Are HIV and AIDS?

HIV is a virus that targets and alters the immune system, increasing the risk and impact of other infections and diseases. Without treatment, the infection might progress to an advanced stage called AIDS. The life expectancy of a person with HIV is now approaching that of someone who tests negative for the virus, provided that the person takes medications called antiretroviral therapy on an ongoing basis. These are types of T cell — white blood cells that circulate, detecting infections throughout the body and faults and anomalies in other cells. HIV targets and infiltrates CD4 cells, using them to create more copies of the virus. This increases the risk and impact of opportunistic infections and some types of cancer. It is worth noting, however, that some people have HIV for long periods without experiencing any symptoms.

You can also download materials to share or watch videos on basic information about HIV. The only way to know for sure whether you have HIV is to get tested. Some people have flu-like symptoms within 2 to 4 weeks after infection called acute HIV infection. These symptoms may last for a few days or several weeks. Possible symptoms include. But some people may not feel sick during acute HIV infection. Other illnesses can cause these same symptoms.

COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest CDC public health information. HIV human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that attacks cells that help the body fight infection, making a person more vulnerable to other infections and diseases. It is spread by contact with certain bodily fluids of a person with HIV, most commonly during unprotected sex sex without a condom or HIV medicine to prevent or treat HIV , or through sharing injection drug equipment. So, once you have HIV, you have it for life. In the U. Once someone has a dangerous opportunistic illness, life expectancy without treatment falls to about 1 year.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. Over time, as HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is more likely to get various types of conditions and cancers. At that point, the immune system is too weak to successfully respond against other diseases, infections, and conditions. Untreated, life expectancy with end stage AIDS is about 3 years.

Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. The Victorian healthcare system focuses on providing patient-centered care that is timely, appropriate and effective. Victorian health services aim to meet or exceed quality and safety standards to ensure our health sector provides world-class care. Private hospitals, day procedure centres and mobile health services in Victoria must be registered and comply with regulations on patient safety and care. Victorian health service boards have well defined responsibilities and the department acknowledges board education as a crucial activity. The Victorian Government plans, develops policy, regulates and funds over health services and organisations.


AIDS is caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). When a People at highest risk of AIDS and HIV infection are: ) for information.


A Comprehensive Guide to HIV and AIDS

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It harms your immune system by destroying a type of white blood cell that helps your body fight infection. This puts you at risk for serious infections and certain cancers. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the final stage of infection with HIV.

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus HIV. By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body's ability to fight infection and disease. It can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding.

HIV is spread primarily by unprotected sex including anal and oral sex , contaminated blood transfusions , hypodermic needles , and from mother to child during pregnancy , delivery, or breastfeeding. Methods of prevention include safe sex , needle exchange programs , treating those who are infected , as well as both pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis. HIV made the jump from other primates to humans in west-central Africa in the early-to-mid 20th century. Owing to their nonspecific character, these symptoms are not often recognized as signs of HIV infection. Even cases that do get seen by a family doctor or a hospital are often misdiagnosed as one of the many common infectious diseases with overlapping symptoms.

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Explaining HIV and AIDS

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Explaining HIV and AIDS. HIV is a virus that targets and alters the immune system, increasing the risk and impact of other infections and diseases. Without treatment, the infection might progress to an advanced stage called AIDS.

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