File Name: basic fabrication and welding engineering .zip
- Fabrication and Welding Engineering - Google Books
- Most Common Metal Fabrication Processes and Applications
- Fabrication and Welding Engineering by Roger Timings
In its most basic sense, fabrication is the process of creating a project out of metal, and welding can be a singular operation during that process. Simply put, welding joins together two pieces of metal, glass, or thermoplastics with similar melting points and compositions using fusion.
Fabrication and Welding Engineering - Google Books
Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Fabrication and Welding Engineering - Google Books. Sokolyk Sashko. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. In addition to serving a Prohibition Notice or an Improvement Notice, the inspector can prosecute any person including an employee -you for contravening a relevant statutory provision.
Finally, the inspector can seize, render harmless or destroy any substance or article which the inspector considers to be the cause of imminent danger or personal injury. Thus every employee must be a fi t and trained person capable of carrying out his or her assigned task properly and safely.
Trainees must work under the supervision of a suitably trained, experienced worker or instructor. By law, every employee must Obey all the safety rules and regulations of his or her place of employment. Understand and use, as instructed, the safety practices incorporated in particular activities or tasks. Not proceed with his or her task if any safety requirement is not thoroughly understood, guidance must be sought.
Keep his or her working area tidy and maintain his or her tools in good condition. Draw the attention of his or her immediate supervisor or the safety offi cer to any potential hazard. Report all accidents or incidents even if injury does not result from the incident to the responsible person. Understand emergency procedures in the event of an accident or an alarm. Understand how to give the alarm in the event of an accident or an incident such as fi re.
Co-operate promptly with the senior person in charge in the event of an accident or an incident such as fi re. Therefore, safety health and welfare are very personal matters for any worker, such as you, who is just entering the engineering industry.
This chapter sets out to identify the main hazards and suggests how they may be avoided. Factory life, and particularly fabrication and welding engineering, is potentially dangerous and you must take a positive approach towards safety, health and welfare.
The workplace is provided with a safe means of access and exit so that in the case of an emergency such as fi re no one will be trapped. This is particularly important when the workplace is not at ground level. Pedestrian access and exits should be segregated away from trucks that are delivering materials or collecting fi nished work. The premises must be kept in good repair -worn fl oor coverings and stair treads are a major source of serious falls.
It must be correctly installed and properly maintained. The plant and any associated cutters and tools must also be properly guarded. Working practices and systems are safe and that, where necessary, protective clothing is provided. A safe, healthy and comfortable working environment is provided. That the temperature and humidity is maintained at the correct levels for the work being undertaken. There is an adequate supply of fresh air and that fumes and dust are either eliminated altogether, or are reduced to an acceptable and safe level.
There is adequate and suitable natural and artifi cial lighting in the workplace, particularly over stairways. There is adequate and convenient provision for washing and sanitation.
There are adequate fi rst aid facilities under the supervision of a qualifi ed person. This can range from a fi rst aid box under the supervision of a person trained in basic fi rst aid procedures for a small fi rm, to a full-scale ambulance room staffed by professionally qualifi ed medical personnel in a large fi rm. Provision is made for the safe handling, storing, and transportation of raw materials, work-in-progress and fi nished goods awaiting delivery.
Provision is made for the safe handling, storing, transportation and use of dangerous substances such as compressed gases e. There is a correct and legal system for the reporting of accidents and the logging of such accidents in the accident register. There is a company policy for adequate instruction, training and supervision of employees. This must not only be concerned with safety procedures but also with good working practices.
Such instruction and training to be updated at regular intervals. There is a safety policy in force. This safety policy must be subject to regular review. One of the more important innovations of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act is contained in section 2 4 which provides for the appointment of safety representatives from amongst the employees, who will represent them in consultation with the employers, and have other prescribed functions.
Where an employer receives a written request from at least two safety representatives to form a safety committee the employer shall, after consulting with the applicants and representatives of other recognized unions if applicable whose members work in the workplace concerned, establish a safety committee within the period of three months after the request. The employer must post a notice of the composition of the committee and the workplaces covered.
The notice must be positioned where it may be easily read by the employees concerned. Membership of the safety committee should be settled by consultation. The number of management representatives should not exceed the number of safety representatives. Management representation is aimed at guaranteeing the necessary knowledge and expertise to provide accurate information on company policy, production needs and technical matters in relation to premises, processes, plant, machinery and equipment.
Employees ' responsibilitiesAll employees including you are as equally responsible for safety as are their employers. Under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act, employees are expected to take reasonable care for their own health and safety together with the health and safety of other people with whom they work, and members of the public who are affected by the work being performed.
Further, the misuse of, or interference with, equipment provided by an employer for health and safety purposes is a criminal offence. It is up to all workers to develop a sense of safety awareness by following the example set by their instructors. Regrettably not all older workers observe the safety regulations as closely as they should.
Take care who you choose for your ' role model '. The basic requirements for safe working are to Learn the safe way of doing each task. This is also the correct way. Use the safe way of carrying out the task in practice.
Ask for instruction if you do not understand a task or have not received previous instruction. Be constantly on your guard against careless actions by yourself or by others.
Practice good housekeeping at all times, e. Co-operate promptly in the event of an accident or a fi re. Report all accidents to your instructor or supervisor. Draw your instructor's or your supervisor's attention to any potential hazard you have noticed.
Electrical hazardsThe most common causes of electrical shock are shown in Fig. The installation and maintenance of electrical equipment must be carried out only by a fully trained and registered electrician. The installation and equipment must conform to international standards and regulations as laid down in Safety Legislation and the Codes of Practice and Regulations, published by the Institution of Electrical Engineers IEE.
An electric shock from a volt single-phase supply lighting and offi ce equipment or a volt three-phase supply most factory machines can easily kill you. Even if the shock is not suffi ciently severe to cause death, it can still cause serious injury. The sudden convulsion caused by the shock can throw you from a ladder or against moving machinery.
To reduce the risk of shock, all electrical equipment should be earthed or double insulated. Further, portable power tools should be fed from a low-voltage transformer at volts. The power tool must be suitable for operating at such a voltage. The transformer itself should be protected by a circuit breaker containing a residual current detector. The fuses and circuit breakers designed to protect the supply circuitry to the transformer react too slowly to protect the user from electric shock.
The electrical supply to a portable power tool should, therefore, be additionally protected by a residual current detector RCD. Such a device compares the magnitudes of the current fl owing in the live and neutral conductors supplying the tool. Any leakage to earth through the body of the user or by any other route will upset the balance between these two currents. This results in the supply being immediately disconnected. The sensitivity of residual current detectors is such that a difference of only a few milliamperes is suffi cient to cut off the supply and the time delay is only a few microseconds.
Such a small current applied for such a short time is not normally dangerous. In the event of rendering fi rst aid to the victim of electrical shock, great care must be taken when pulling the victim clear of the fault which caused the shock. The victim can act as a conductor and thus, in turn, electrocute the rescuer.
If the supply cannot be quickly and completely disconnected, always pull the victim clear by his or her clothing which, if dry, will act as an insulator. If in doubt, hold the victim with a plastic bag or cloth known to be dry. Never touch the victim's bare fl esh until the victim is clear of the electrical fault. Artifi cial respiration must be started immediately the victim has been pulled clear of the fault or the live conductor. Fire fi ghtingFire fi ghting is a highly skilled operation and most medium and large fi rms have properly trained teams who can contain the fi re locally until the professional brigade arrives.
The best way you can help is to learn the correct fi re drill, both how to give the alarm and how to leave the building.
Most Common Metal Fabrication Processes and Applications
Used as a fuel gas in the oxyacetylene welding process. ALLOY: A mixture with metallic properties composed of two or more elements, of which at least one is a metal. AMMETER: An instrument for measuring electrical current in amperes by an indicator activated by the movement of a coil in a magnetic field or by the longitudinal expansion of a wire carrying the current. The term annealing usually implies relatively slow cooling. In annealing, the temperature of the operation, the rate of heating and cooling, and the time the metal is held at heat depend upon the composition, shape, and size of the steel product being treated, and the purpose of the treatment. The more important purposes for which steel is annealed are as follows: to remove stresses; to induce softness; to alter ductility, toughness, electric, magnetic, or other physical and mechanical properties; to change the crystalline structure; to remove gases; and to produce a definite microstructure.
Fabrication and Welding Engineering by Roger Timings
This book is designed to provide an accessible course in the basic sheet-metal fabrication and welding engineering principles and applications required in a wide range of vocational courses. No prior knowledge of sheet metal fabrication and welding is assumed. I trust that Fabrication and Welding Engineering will be found to be a worthy complement to my previous books on the fundamentals of general and mechanical engineering.
Welding and Metal Fabrication is designed to help you develop all of the skills to become a highly paid versatile welder. In addition, it is designed to make the process of learning to weld interesting and rewarding by having everything you weld on becoming something you can take home and use. The projects within each of the fabrication and welding chapters are designed to be functional even though the welds maybe your first attempts at welding. So at first do not be overly critical of your welding skills, they will improve as you advance through the textbook. In that way, both your fabrication skills and your welding skills will improve together.
This brand new textbook by one of the leading engineering authors covers basic sheet-metal fabrication and welding engineering principles and applications in one volume - an unrivalled comprehensive coverage that reflects current working and teaching practice. It is fully up-to-date with the latest technical information and best practice and also includes chapters on non-technical but equally essential subjects such as health and safety, personal development and communication of technical information. Roger Timings covers these areas of mechanical engineering and workshop practice in a highly practical and accessible style.
A huge part of mechanical engineering is fabrication and welding. Fabrication and welding allow for metal structures to be made into a range of shapes and sizes. It can be applied to a variety of industries such as engineering, construction, marine and more. Fabrication of metal refers to the building of metal structures. This is done via a variety of processes such as cutting, bending, profiling, welding and assembling.
What Is the Metal Fabrication Process? In every household and working environment, metal plays a major role in how people operate. Metal fabrication is the process of turning raw metals into pre-made shapes for assembly use. For example, the panels that comprise the frame of an automobile are made through custom metal fabrication processes, which are usually performed at a fabrication facility and then sent to an auto assembly plant.