American Recovery And Reinvestment Act Summary Of Education Pdf

american recovery and reinvestment act summary of education pdf

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The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of Recovery Act - which President Obama signed into law on February 17th, - was an unprecedented action to stimulate the economy.

2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Under the House and Senate versions of H. The House bill, but not the Senate bill, would have created new programs to support school modernization, renovation, and repair at the elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education levels. Both the House bill and the Senate bill would have provided general funds for education to support state fiscal stabilization.

It also includes a discussion of relevant provisions that were included in the House and Senate bills. Education-related tax provisions, as well as Vocational Rehabilitation programs administered by ED, are beyond the scope of this report.

The primary purposes of the ARRA focus on promoting economic recovery, assisting those most affected by the recession, improving economic efficiency by "spurring technological advances in science and health," investing in infrastructure, and stabilizing state and local government budgets.

It also provides general state fiscal stabilization grants to support education at the elementary, secondary, and postsecondary levels, as well as "public safety and other government services. On February 13, , both the House and Senate passed the conference version of H. The House had previously passed its version of H. It also includes a discussion of relevant provisions that were included in the House and Senate versions of H.

The report begins with a discussion of provisions related to elementary and secondary education. The next section of the report examines provisions related to higher education, followed by a discussion of provisions related to the Institute for Education Sciences. The report concludes with an examination of the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund and a discussion of fiscal accountability issues. Department of Education ED. Most of the funds for existing elementary education programs have been appropriated for programs that provide formula grants directly to states or local educational agencies LEAs , while most funds at the postsecondary level were appropriated for Pell Grants, which go directly to students.

For some programs, these appropriations provide a substantial increase over the amount of funding provided through the regular appropriations process in recent years. This is a new program that is being administered by ED. Note in particular that Table 1 includes Vocational Rehabilitation programs administered by ED, although these programs are not discussed further in this report.

The ARRA specifies that the funding provided through the act is considered emergency funding Section 5. Remaining funds available under these programs will be released prior to the end of the FY, but, in some cases, may only be released contingent upon receiving additional information from states.

States are required to submit an application also made available on April 1 to receive these funds. The remaining Impact Aid funds will be distributed through a competitive grant process later this year.

Table 1. Department of Education, Budget Service, budget table. Notes: Funding included in the table is limited to discretionary funding only. This program receives only mandatory appropriations through the regular appropriations process. There are no discretionary appropriations with which to compare the funding provided under the ARRA.

Mandatory funding is also provided to increase the maximum Pell Grant award. Funds for these programs would have been provided only under the House bill. The ARRA does not provide funds for these specific programs, although funds under the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund see subsequent discussion could be used for school modernization, renovation, and repair, and possibly construction as well.

Provisions applicable to each of these programs are discussed below. Other major ESEA programs provide grants to support the education of migrant students; recruitment of and professional development for teachers; language instruction for limited English proficient LEP students; drug abuse prevention programs; after-school instruction and care; expansion of charter schools and other forms of public school choice; education services for Native American, Native Hawaiian, and Alaska Native students; Impact Aid to compensate local educational agencies for taxes foregone due to certain federal activities; and a wide variety of innovative educational approaches or instruction to meet particular student needs.

Title I-A grants provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving and other pupils attending pre-kindergarten through grade 12 schools with relatively high concentrations of pupils from low-income families.

Although the allocation formulas have several distinctive elements, the primary factors used in all four formulas are estimated numbers of children aged in poor families plus a state expenditure factor based on average expenditures per pupil for public K education. Other factors included in one or more formulas include weighting schemes designed to increase aid to LEAs with the highest concentrations of poverty, and a factor to increase grants to states with high levels of expenditure equity among their LEAs.

Under three of the formulas—Basic, Concentration, and Targeted Grants—funds are calculated initially at the LEA level, and state total grants are the total of allocations for LEAs in the state, adjusted to apply state minimum grant provisions. Under the fourth formula, Education Finance Incentive Grants, grants are first calculated for each state overall, with state totals subsequently suballocated by LEA using a different formula.

A primary rationale for using four different formulas to allocate shares of the funds for a single program is that the formulas have distinct allocation patterns, providing varying shares of allocated funds to different types of LEAs or states e. Half of the available funds for a given fiscal year would have been appropriated through each formula.

One feature of these formulas is that LEAs with an estimated school-age child poverty rate of less than 5. According to H. More specifically, each LEA is required to file a school-by-school listing of per-pupil expenditures from state and local sources during the school year by December 1, LEAs with the lowest-achieving schools and the greatest commitment to ensuring that such funds are used to provide "adequate resources" to enable the lowest-achieving schools to meet the goals under school and LEA improvement plans must be given priority in the awarding of subgrants.

In addition, according to H. The EdTech program provides grants to SEAs and LEAs to increase access to educational technology, support the integration of technology into instruction, enhance technological literacy, and support technology-related professional development of teachers. Funds are allocated to states in proportion to Title I-A grants, with a state minimum grant amount of 0.

Under the Credit Enhancement program, competitive grants are awarded to enhance the availability of financing for the acquisition, construction, or renovation of public charter school facilities. Grants are made to at least three entities that have been approved by the Secretary as having demonstrated innovative methods of assisting charter schools in addressing the costs of acquiring, constructing, and renovating facilities by enhancing the availability of loans or bond financing.

The Senate bill would not have appropriated additional funds for this program. ESEA Title V-D authorizes a series of competitive grant programs intended to support a variety of innovative K educational activities. It includes both a broad authority for innovative activities selected at the discretion of the Secretary of Education, and a series of required studies, in Subpart 1.

It also authorizes a number of specific activities e. Further, the House bill specified that a portion of these funds had to be used by the Institute of Education Sciences IES to conduct an evaluation of the impact of performance-based teacher and principal compensation systems supported by the competitive grants on teacher and principal recruitment in high-need schools and subjects. The Impact Aid program compensates LEAs for "substantial and continuing financial burden" resulting from federal activities.

These activities include federal ownership of certain lands, as well as the enrollments in LEAs of children of parents who work or live on federal land e. Section specifically provides funds for construction and facilities upgrading to certain LEAs with high percentages of children living on Indian lands or children of military parents. These funds are used to make formula and competitive grants. Emergency repair grants must be used to repair, renovate, or alter a K public school facility to ensure the health and safety of students and staff.

Modernization grants may be used to relieve overcrowding or upgrade facilities to support a "contemporary educational program. The Senate bill would not have appropriated funds for this purpose. IDEA is the major federal statute that supports special education and related services for children with disabilities.

The IDEA is divided into four parts. Part A contains the general provisions, including the purposes of the act and definitions. Part B, the most often discussed part of the act, contains provisions relating to the education of school aged children grants to states and a state grant program for preschool children with disabilities Section Part C authorizes state grants for programs serving infants and toddlers with disabilities, while Part D contains the requirements for various national activities designed to improve the education of children with disabilities.

The Senate bill, as detailed in its report S. Actual and proposed Part B grants to states are often discussed in terms of the percent of the "excess" cost of educating children with disabilities that the federal government will pay. The metric for determining this excess cost is based on the national average per-pupil expenditure APPE.

The estimated percentage for FY based on regular appropriations and funding provided through the House bill would have been For FY, based on regular appropriations and funding provided through the House bill, the estimated percentage would have been The estimated percentage based on the Senate bill and regular appropriations for FY would have been The House bill had no comparable provision.

The estimated percentage of the "excess" cost of educating children with disabilities that the federal government will pay based on the ARRA and regular appropriations for FY is Like both the House and Senate bills, the ARRA specifies that any funds remaining after the incentive grants are awarded are to be allocated to states by formula in accordance with section e.

This program, also known as the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program, provides assistance to SEAs to ensure that all homeless children and youth have equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including public preschool education, that is provided to other children and youth.

Competitive grants made by SEAs to LEAs under this program must be used to facilitate the enrollment, attendance, and success in school of homeless children and youth. The LEAs may use the funds for activities such as tutoring, supplemental instruction, and referral services for homeless children and youth, as well as providing them with medical, dental, mental, and other health services. In order to receive funds, each state must submit a plan indicating how homeless children and youth will be identified, how assurances will be put in place that homeless children will participate in federal, state, and local food programs if eligible, and how the state will address such problems as transportation, immunization, residency requirements, and the lack of birth certificates or school records.

These funds would have been allocated to states using the formula authorized in current statute. States would have made subgrants to LEAs on a competitive basis as is done under current law. These funds would not have been allocated to states using the current formula. Rather, funds would have been allocated in proportion to the number of homeless students identified by the state during the school year relative to the number of homeless students identified nationally during the school year.

States would have made subgrants to LEAs on a competitive basis or using a formula based on the number of homeless students identified by LEAs in the state. The Secretary is required to make grants to states not later than 60 days after the data of enactment.

Currently, there are no federal education programs dedicated specifically to providing grants for the modernization, renovation, or repair of elementary and secondary schools hereafter referred to as funds for school renovation. The House bill, but not the Senate bill, would have provided a dedicated source of funding in FY for these purposes. Under general provisions Sec. The ARRA does not include a dedicated source of federal funds for school modernization.

However, school modernization, renovation, and repair, and possibly construction as well, are allowable uses of funds under the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund see subsequent discussion. The House bill would have amended the federal student loan programs by increasing borrowing limits on Stafford Loans made to undergraduate students. Funding for higher education as proposed under the House and Senate bills, and as enacted under the ARRA, is briefly discussed below.

Under the Federal Pell Grant program, grants are made available to low-income undergraduate students to help offset their costs associated with obtaining a postsecondary education. Pell Grants are portable, in that the grant aid follows students to the eligible postsecondary education institutions in which they enroll.

The Pell Grant award amount is primarily based on the financial resources that a student and the student's family are expected to contribute toward postsecondary education expenses—the student's expected family contribution EFC. The Pell Grant award is considered to be the foundation of a student's financial aid package because all other forms of federal student aid e.

Both discretionary and mandatory appropriations fund the Federal Pell Grant program; and in general, annual appropriations measures specify maximum individual Pell Grant award amounts.

A mandatory Pell Grant add-on has the effect of increasing the individual Pell Grant award amount above the amount available from funds provided in discretionary appropriation measures.

These funds would be provided in addition to amounts anticipated to be separately appropriated for FY Finally, the Senate bill specified that funds would have been provided to reduce or eliminate the Pell Grant shortfall.

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

The Senate is expected to vote on the legislation later today or tomorrow so President Obama can sign the bill into law on Monday. This document provides details of the funding in the final bill of interest to the research and academic communities. Significant funding is provided for research agencies in the final bill, demonstrating that Congress recognizes science and innovation as playing a role in both the near-term and long-term economic health of the nation. The final levels of support for education programs were more mixed; while additional funding for Pell Grants was maintained, funding for higher education infrastructure was reduced. Importantly, almost all the funds in the bill are available to expend between now and September 30, ; this provides critical flexibility to the agencies. However, as emergency spending, the additional amounts do not become part of agency base budgets for future years.

It was a necessary follow-up to President George W. Most of its impact occurred by ARRA had seven components. Here are the details of each. They received the funds through tax cuts, tax credits, and unemployment benefits. Most of the funds were delivered in the first two years.

Grant recipients reported that approximately , education jobs, such as teachers, principals, librarians, and counselors, were saved or created with this funding during the most recent quarter. Read the jobs report. ED administers 21 programs under the Recovery Act. It is an unprecedented effort to jumpstart our economy, create or save millions of jobs, and put a down payment on addressing long-neglected challenges so our country can thrive in the 21st century. The Act is an extraordinary response to a crisis unlike any since the Great Depression, and includes measures to modernize our nation's infrastructure, enhance energy independence, expand educational opportunities, preserve and improve affordable health care, provide tax relief, and protect those in greatest need. Show less.


ED administers 21 programs under the Recovery Act. Read the ED Recovery Plan [PDF, K] to learn about the purpose, benefits, cost, evaluation, Overview of the Recovery Act The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of (Recovery Act) was signed into law by President Obama on February 17th,


Stimulus Funding Watch

Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama in February Developed in response to the Great Recession , the primary objective of this federal statute was to save existing jobs and create new ones as soon as possible. Other objectives were to provide temporary relief programs for those most affected by the recession and invest in infrastructure, education, health, and renewable energy. The politics around the stimulus was very contentious, with Republicans criticizing the size of the stimulus. On the right, it spurred the Tea Party movement and may have contributed to Republicans winning the House in the midterms.

A sizable portion of the funding will go to help states prevent cuts to health and human services programs, stimulate employment, and avoid teacher layoffs, and to support special and regular education. The purpose of this web page is to provide information on ARRA related legislation and procedures, identify potential opportunities for AUCD members to apply for funds disbursed by various by specific federal agencies, and to provide useful links to additional information and resources. AUCD hopes that this information will be helpful in navigating the numerous opportunities that will result from the enactment of the ARRA. We welcome feedback on the usefulness of this information to our members and hearing any successes that result from this information. Health Resources and Services Administration HRSA under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of to expand health care services to low-income and uninsured individuals through its health center program.

VA offers benefits that can improve the lives of Veterans and their families. Some benefits may also be available to active-duty Servicemembers. For VA, even one Veteran without safe and stable housing is one too many. During the holiday season, get in touch with your local Veterans Service Organization to see how you can help homeless Vets.

Under the House and Senate versions of H. The House bill, but not the Senate bill, would have created new programs to support school modernization, renovation, and repair at the elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education levels. Both the House bill and the Senate bill would have provided general funds for education to support state fiscal stabilization.

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

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American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

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