File Name: billions and billions .zip
- Billions & Billions: Thoughts on Life and Death at the Brink of the Millennium
- Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Overview
- Billions and Billions: Thoughts on Life and Death at the Brink of the Millennium
Billions & Billions: Thoughts on Life and Death at the Brink of the Millennium
Discussions of base of the economic pyramid BOP markets have, until now, relied principally on business case studies and rough estimates of market size. New empirical measures of their aggregate purchasing power and behavior as consumers suggest significant opportunities for market-based approaches to better meet their needs, increase their productivity and incomes, and empower their entry into the formal economy.
This volume, based on unique access to the household income and consumption surveys of developing and transition countries, offers a new and compelling perspective on low-income communities worldwide. Drawing on income data from countries and standardized expenditure data from 36 countries across the globe, The Next 4 Billion is an important first look at the market opportunity represented by four billion individuals who make up the BOP.
The analysis for the first time provides a quantitative assessment and characterization of BOP markets, at several levels of analysis:. Like consumers everywhere, the poor are constantly looking for products and services that improve their quality of life at an affordable price. The poor are also vital producers and distributors of an immense range of goods.
Companies that are smart enough to tailor their offerings to the needs of low-income consumers and entrepreneurs will thrive in the 21st century. Now, for the first time, we can express that importance in hard numbers—a 5 trillion dollar, 4 billion person market.
Global productivity, education, and the sciences have advanced at an increasingly fast pace due to information technology and access to the Internet. The IT industry can narrow this gap by helping local communities evaluate and pursue inventive approaches to realizing the benefits of technology, and through co-creation of new business endeavors with NGO and public sectors that focus specifically on the needs of middle- and bottom-of-pyramid customers.
It is very clear that the private sector has an important and constructive role to play in addressing the needs of the poor and disenfranchised. The Next 4 Billion lays the foundation for the empirical, market-based approach necessary for private enterprises to bring scale and sustainable solutions to heretofore intractable problems. Get our latest commentary, upcoming events, publications, maps, and data. Sign up for the weekly WRI Digest. For corporations For individuals.
Skip to main content. Search Search. Business Economics Finance Governance. Full Text low resolution Download The Information and Communications Market Download 1. The Water Market Download The Transportation Market Download 1. The Housing Market Download 1. The Energy Market Download 1.
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File Path. Leave this field blank. The analysis for the first time provides a quantitative assessment and characterization of BOP markets, at several levels of analysis: How large is the BOP and what is its income-by country and region? What is nature of the penalty faced by BOP consumers in the form of higher prices, poorer quality goods and services, or lack of access to services?
What does the BOP penalty imply for needed policy reforms or opportunities for market rationalization? Visit their sites for more information on BOP market-based approaches. The Great Balancing Act publication. Aligning Profit and Environmental Sustainability publication. Sign Up Leave this field blank. Donate to WRI Donate.
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Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Overview
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Billions and Billions: Thoughts on Life and Death at the Brink of the Millennium
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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Sagan Published Art. A collection of essays from Pulitzer Prize-winning scientist Carl Sagan. Ranging in subject matter from the invention of the game of chess to whether there is life on Mars, via discussions on Greek mythology and the power of numbers.
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Он это отлично знает. Стратмор провел рукой по вспотевшему лбу. - Этот шифр есть продукт нового типа шифровального алгоритма, с таким нам еще не приходилось сталкиваться. Эти слова повергли Сьюзан в еще большее смятение. Шифровальный алгоритм - это просто набор математических формул для преобразования текста в шифр. Математики и программисты каждый день придумывают новые алгоритмы.
Уже два часа утра.