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- The Impact of Infectious Diseases on the Development of Africa
- Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures
- The Burden of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases in Developing Countries
Avani C. Modi, MS, Alexandra L.
The Impact of Infectious Diseases on the Development of Africa
The impact of illness on individual lives and society at large was once considered too vast to gauge. More recently, quantitative measures of quality of life, life expectancy, and the financial costs of illness and treatment are showing not only how this impact can be calculated but also how the results can be used to further research and improve public health. The Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures is the first comprehensive reference to these instruments and their findings on an international scale. The Handbook features in-depth reviews of disability-adjusted life years DALYs , quality-adjusted life years QALYs , quality of life and financial measures for over diseases and conditions. Its editors have organized this critical information for maximum access and ease of use, with abstracts, definitions of key terms, summary points, and dozens of figures and tables that can enhance the text or stand alone. Readers may access data by country, region, or population, or by disease entity, e. Victor R.
Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures
Metrics details. Living with a chronic disease often means experiencing chronic treatments and regular multidisciplinary monitoring as well as a profound life-changing experience which may impact all aspects of a patients life. The purpose of this review was to collect and review different kinds of available PRM instruments validated for chronic patients, to produce an inventory of explored concepts in these questionnaires and to identify and classify all dimensions assessing chronic patients experience. A systematic review of PRM instruments validated for chronic patients was conducted from three databases Medline, the Cochrane library, and Psycinfo. Articles were selected after a double reading and questionnaires were classified according to their targeted concept. Then, all dimensions of the questionnaires were clustered into different categories. Twelve categories of dimensions were obtained from these instruments.
These instruments are useful for evaluating interventions designed to improve the lives of children and adolescents. The CP QOL-Child was first designed to assess the quality of life of children with cerebral palsy aged years and an adolescent version, the CP QOL-Teen, has recently been developed for adolescents aged years. For further information about the development of the instruments, please refer to our publications. There is an adolescent self-report version and a primary caregiver version. The questionnaires are made freely available to researchers and can be downloaded above. This includes but is not limited to any minor or significant change in wordings or organisation in the questionnaires. The CP QOL questionnaires have been, or are in the process of being, translated in the following languages.
Worldwide, developed and developing countries are facing the double burden of communicable and However, developing countries are more exposed and more vulnerable due to a multitude of factors, including geographic, demographic and socio-economic factors. Noncommunicable diseases like cardio-vascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and mental disorders are affecting developing countries with an increasing trend. In parallel, Other diseases like the so-called neglected diseases are exclusively afflicting developing countries.
The Burden of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases in Developing Countries
However, mortality figures give only a partial measure of the toll asked by infectious diseases, and the global burden includes also health impact measured by disabilities, deformities, loss of productivity, care and treatment caused by a multitude of diseases like lymphatic filariasis, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, sleeping sickness and others. The impact of infectious diseases can be traced according to economic performance of African countries, showing that 34 out of 53 countries are classified as low-income economies. The disease burden is, however, more devastating since it affects all components of human development, including income, health and education. The impact of infectious diseases on African countries is no longer a crisis only for the healthcare sector, but presents a challenge to all sectors.
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Editors: Preedy , Victor R. The impact of illness on individual lives and society at large was once considered too vast to gauge.
Probability of death is plotted globally by SDI quintile and Global Disease Burden study region for dashed vertical line and solid vertical line. The relative contribution of that change owing to different causes is indicated by different color bars. The SDI quintiles are sorted from lowest probability of death in to highest, and GBD regions are sorted from highest probability of death in to lowest. Temporal trends in disability adjusted life-years DALYs are plotted for children and adolescents younger than 20 years.
Как они смогут ему противостоять. Эти аргументы она слышала уже много. Гипотетическое будущее правительство служило главным аргументом Фонда электронных границ. - Стратмора надо остановить! - кричал Хейл. - Клянусь, я сделаю .
Сегодня утром звонили из КОМИНТа. Их компьютер через Интерпол засек имя Танкадо в регистратуре полиции Севильи. - От разрыва сердца? - усомнилась Сьюзан. - Ему ведь всего тридцать лет. - Тридцать два, - уточнил Стратмор. - У него был врожденный порок сердца. - Никогда об этом не слышала.
Готов поспорить на любую сумму, что у партнера Танкадо будет иное мнение. Что бы ни произошло на самом деле, мы все равно выглядим виновными. Яд, фальсифицированные результаты вскрытия и так далее. - Стратмор выдержал паузу. - Какой была твоя первая реакция, когда я сообщил тебе о смерти Танкадо.
Дверь открылась, и коммандер помахал ей рукой. - Спасибо, что пришла, Сьюзан. Я тебе очень благодарен. - Не стоит благодарности.
Но сегодня в шесть часов утра события стали разворачиваться стремительно.