Causes And Consequences Of Second World War Pdf

causes and consequences of second world war pdf

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A novel examination of the long-lasting consequences that World War II had on continental Europeans finds that living in a war-torn country increased the likelihood of a number of physical and mental problems later in life. Experiencing the war was associated with a greater chance of suffering from diabetes, depression and heart disease as older adults, according to the study.

World War II , also called Second World War , conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years — The war was in many respects a continuation, after an uneasy year hiatus , of the disputes left unsettled by World War I. The 40,,—50,, deaths incurred in World War II make it the bloodiest conflict, as well as the largest war, in history. Great Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany on September 3.

5 Major Causes of World War Two in Europe

Historians from many countries have given considerable attention to studying and understanding the causes of World War II , a global war from to that was the deadliest conflict in human history. The immediate precipitating event was the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany on September 1, , and the subsequent declarations of war on Germany made by Britain and France , but many other prior events have been suggested as ultimate causes. Primary themes in historical analysis of the war's origins include the political takeover of Germany in by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party ; Japanese militarism against China , which led to the Second Sino-Japanese War ; Italian aggression against Ethiopia , which led to the Second Italo-Ethiopian War ; and Germany's initial success in negotiating a neutrality pact with the Soviet Union to divide territorial control of Eastern Europe between them. During the interwar period , deep anger arose in the Weimar Republic regarding the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles , which punished Germany for its role in World War I with severe conditions and heavy financial reparations in order to prevent it from ever becoming a military power again. This provoked strong currents of revanchism in German politics, with complaints primarily focused on the demilitarization of the Rhineland , the prohibition of German unification with Austria, and the loss of some German-speaking territories and overseas colonies. The s were a decade in which democracy was in disrepute; countries across the world turned to authoritarian regimes during the worldwide economic crisis of the Great Depression. The most extreme political aspirant to emerge from this situation was Adolf Hitler , leader of the Nazi Party.

His murder catapulted into a war across Europe that lasted until Thanks to new military technologies and the horrors of trench warfare, World War I saw unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction. By the time the war was over and the Allied Powers claimed victory, more than 16 million people—soldiers and civilians alike—were dead. Tensions had been brewing throughout Europe—especially in the troubled Balkan region of southeast Europe—for years before World War I actually broke out. A number of alliances involving European powers, the Ottoman Empire , Russia and other parties had existed for years, but political instability in the Balkans particularly Bosnia, Serbia and Herzegovina threatened to destroy these agreements.

Hitler dragged Europe back into war in The railway carriage in which the armistice was signed was symbolically used again in when the French succumbed to German occupation. Some of the high-profile agitators at this time were left-wing Jews, which fuelled the conspiracy theory of a Jewish Bolshevik disloyalty that later gained so much traction as Hitler laid the psychological groundwork in preparing Germany for another war. The devastating experience of the First World War left the victorious nations and their people desperate to avoid a repeat. At the insistence of the French, the terms of the Versailles Treaty were punitive in the extreme and left Germany destitute and its people feeling victimised.

Second World War (1939-1945): Causes and Consequences

The first world war itself sowed the seeds for Second World War, primarily because of the humiliating Treaty of Versailles. Alex Andrews George is a mentor, author, and entrepreneur. He is the author of many best-seller books like 'Important Judgments that transformed India' and 'Important Acts that transformed India'. Your email address will not be published. The provision for disarming Germany. Saar coal mine to France for 15 years. Polish corridor was given to Poland.

There are many different cause for World War II. The Treaty of Versailles was a complete and almost a total failure due to the distaste of many of the allied powers. Here we have Japanese militarism. Japanese militarism spread rapidly throughout Japan, being it is that Japan has an emperor but at this time the military had more of a say than the crowned emperor. Next the politacal takeover of Hitler, because we all know that the takeover of Hitler in Germany contributed greatly to the war.

Cause and Effect: The Outbreak of World War II

Pinpointing the causes of a vast, global event like the Second World War is a challenging task for the historian. Events—especially enormous, multifaceted events—have multiple causes and multiple inputs. A proximate cause is an incident that appears to directly trigger an event, as the election of Abraham Lincoln in November and the shelling of Fort Sumter led to the outbreak of the Civil War. In the case of the Civil War, for example, historians often point to the growing sectional polarization that divided the nation in the s and s, the national debate over the future of slavery, and the divergent economic paths that distinguished North and South during the antebellum period.

One of its most important legacies was the reordering of the map of Africa roughly as it is today. The First World War was essentially a quarrel between European powers which involved Africa, both directly and indirectly, because at the outbreak of hostilities the greater part of it was ruled by the European belligerents. Mor e than a million African soldiers were involved in these campaigns or campaigns in Europe.

We are republishing the lecture today ahead of the 80 th anniversary of the outbreak of the war on September 1. Given the massive scale of the cataclysm that unfolded between and , it is simplistic, even absurd, to seek the causes of the war primarily in the diplomatic conflicts that led up to the hostilities—such as the dispute over the Danzig Corridor—apart from their broader historical context. Any consideration of the causes of World War II must proceed from the fact that the development of global military conflict between and followed by only twenty-five years the first global military conflict, which occurred between and Another way of looking at it is that within the space of just thirty-one years, two catastrophic global wars were fought. To put this in a contemporary perspective, the time span between and is the same as between —the midpoint of the Carter administration—and

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