File Name: jesus christ son of god ancient cosmology and early christian symbolism .zip
A solar deity also sun goddess or sun god is a sky deity who represents the Sun , or an aspect of it, usually by its perceived power and strength. Solar deities and Sun worship can be found throughout most of recorded history in various forms. The Neolithic concept of a "solar barge" also "solar bark", "solar barque", "solar boat" and "sun boat", a mythological representation of the Sun riding in a boat is found in the later myths of ancient Egypt , with Ra and Horus. Predynasty Egyptian beliefs attribute Atum as the sun-god and Horus as a god of the sky and Sun. As the Old Kingdom theocracy gained power, early beliefs were incorporated with the expanding popularity of Ra and the Osiris-Horus mythology.
Jesus Christ, Sun of God
The exact origin s of this school of thought cannot be traced, although it is possible to locate influences or sources as far back as the second and first centuries BCE, such as the early treatises of the Corpus Hermeticum , the Jewish Apocalyptic writings, and especially Platonic philosophy and the Hebrew Scriptures themselves. According to the Gnostics, this world, the material cosmos, is the result of a primordial error on the part of a supra-cosmic, supremely divine being, usually called Sophia Wisdom or simply the Logos. This act of craftsmanship is actually an imitation of the realm of the Pleroma, but the Demiurge is ignorant of this, and hubristically declares himself the only existing God. At this point, the Gnostic revisionary critique of the Hebrew Scriptures begins, as well as the general rejection of this world as a product of error and ignorance, and the positing of a higher world, to which the human soul will eventually return. Gnosticism, as an intellectual product, is grounded firmly in the general human act of reflecting upon existence. Hans Jonas, The Gnostic Religion , p.
Jesus Christ, Sun of God
Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. Its adherents, known as Christians , believe that Jesus is the Christ , whose coming as the Messiah was prophesied in the Hebrew Bible — the textual basis for the Old Testament in Christianity — and chronicled in the New Testament. Christianity remains culturally diverse in its Western and Eastern branches , as well as in its doctrines concerning justification and the nature of salvation , ecclesiology , ordination , and Christology. Their creeds generally hold in common Jesus as the Son of God —the Logos incarnated —who ministered , suffered , and died on a cross , but rose from the dead for the salvation of mankind; this is referred to as the gospel , meaning the "good news". Describing Jesus' life and teachings are the four canonical gospels of Matthew , Mark , Luke and John , with the Old Testament as the gospel's respected background.
The study of Jesus in comparative mythology is the examination of the narratives of the life of Jesus in the Christian gospels , traditions and theology , as they relate to Christianity and other religions. Although the vast majority of New Testament scholars and historians of the ancient Near East agree that Jesus existed as a historical figure ,     [nb 1] [nb 2] [nb 3] [nb 4] [nb 5] most secular historians also agree that the gospels contain large quantities of ahistorical legendary details mixed in with historical information about Jesus's life. The Gospel of John bears indirect influences from Platonism , via earlier Jewish deuterocanonical texts, and may also have been influenced in less obvious ways by the cult of Dionysus , the Greek god of wine, though this possibility is still disputed. Much of Jesus's traditional iconography is apparently derived from Mediterranean deities such as Hermes , Asclepius, Serapis , and Zeus and his traditional birthdate on 25 December , which was not declared as such until the fifth century, was at one point named a holiday in honor of the Roman sun god Sol Invictus.
This page book covers a wide range of aspects of cosmological symbolism important to ancient Greek philosophers and early Christian writers. It is not about the historical Jesus but about the representation of Jesus and other divine figures as symbolic personifications of cosmic principles. Though it is not an historical account, the fantastic tapestry it weaves presents a very interesting picture of human social development, philosophy, and science from the beginning whenever that was that rivals our present sophistication of knowledge and understanding of our world.
The early Christian Gnosis did not spring up in isolation, but drew upon earlier sources. In this book, many of these sources are revealed for the first time.
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