File Name: definition significance and scope of human resource management .zip
HR has a number of important functions in the organization. These include recruitment, performance management, learning and development, and many more.
- Scope of HRM
- Human Resource Management: Meaning, Objectives, Scope and Functions
- Nature and scope of Human Resource Management (HRM)
- 1. HRM-Nature,Need,Scope & Significance
In circumstances where employees desire and are legally authorized to hold a collective bargaining agreement, HR will typically also serve as the company's primary liaison with the employees' representatives usually a labor union. HR is a product of the human relations movement of the early 20th century, when researchers began documenting ways of creating business value through the strategic management of the workforce. The function was initially but dominated by transactional company work such. Acc to P. Subba Rao HRM is managing planning, organizing, directing and controlling the functions of employing, developing and compensating HR in creating and developing HR and utilisation of human resources with a view to contribute to organizational, individual and social goals.
Scope of HRM
Human resource management HRM is the process of acquiring, training, appraising, and compensating employees, and of attending to their labor relations, health and safety, and fairness concerns. Dale Yoder defines Human Resource Management as that part of the phase of management dealing effectively with control and use of manpower as distinguished from other sources of power.
According to F. Brech , Human Resource Management is that part of management progress which is primarily concerned with the human constituents of an organization. According to Leon C. What is HRM Nature? Human resource management aims at fulfilling the goal of each individual and the organization on a whole. Nature of human resource management are:.
Human Resource Management is an inherent part of an organization. It is pervasive in nature and present in all enterprises at all levels of management. It is the responsibility of each manager to select the right candidate under him and pay attention to the development and satisfaction of each sub-ordinate.
Human Resource Management focuses on and values people at work both as individuals and groups. It encourages people to develop their full potential and in return give the best to the organization. Human Resource Management does follow rules, records, and policies but it stresses the action.
The focus is on providing an effective and timely solution to employees for any problems, tensions, or controversies faced by them. To sustain and grow in this competitive environment organizations follow long term strategic planning.
Effective Human Resource Management prepares people for current as well as future challenges, especially working in an environment characterized by dramatic changes. HRM continuously works towards the development of employees.
There are various tools used to make the employees reach their maximum potential. Training programs are held to help employees enhance their skills and knowledge.
Monetary and non-monetary reward structures are tuned to motivate the employees. HRM helps to build a healthy relationship between the employees at various levels. It encourages mentoring and counseling to help employees in times of need. It aims at creating a culture in the organization that is conducive to learning and growth. The knowledge that has influenced Human Resource Management is interdisciplinary in nature. It drives knowledge from five major bodies: education, system theory, economics, psychology, and organizational behaviour.
What is HRM Scope? Human Resource management has a very wide scope, Every department and activity in an organization needs human resources, even if it is about running machinery. The scope of human resource management can be broadly divided into three:. The objective here is to ensure the individual growth of each employee which indirectly contributes to the overall growth of the entire organization. This aspect of HRM is concerned with the working condition and the amenities at the workplace.
It makes the environment worth working by eliminating workplace hazards, providing job safety, medical and health services etc.
The main aim of this aspect is to maintain peace and harmony in the organization. It requires effective interaction with the labour or employee unions, sensitively addressing their grievances and settling their disputes.
The primary objective of HRM is to place a competent and willing workforce in the right position and at the right time. Further, it aims to obtain maximum individual development, desirable working conditions and at the same time, it focuses on contributing to the realization of the organizational goals.
The main objectives of HRM are:. The Importance of human resource management can be discussed at three levels:. The survival and growth of the organization depend largely on the competence and its effective management.
Human resource management makes workers efficient and motivated through training, supervision, and inspiring leadership. It tries to maintain the balance between the available jobs and the job seekers according to their needs and organizational requirement. Its significance can also be determined by the elimination of wastages and providing a healthy and conducive environment for employee growth.
Human Resource Management has moved to a specialist function. The realization of employee goals is the sole responsibility, as a specialist function. Its focus has moved from employee management to employee development. The skills development and individual capacity utilization are the challenges faced by human resource managers in the current scenario. Job of an HR manager is the most challenging one as there is no factor of production as complex as people.
HR managers need to integrate processes, people and technology in an efficient and effective manner that should enable the organization to achieve its goals. While doing all this they need to assess, develop, reward and retain a wide variety of people. Discussed below are the skill sets that an efficient HR manager should possess. HR managers should possess knowledge of all the diverse fields that collectively run a business.
Since HR management is required in all the departments and at all levels, it is important that HR managers should be competent in all the diverse areas of finance, sales, marketing, operations etc. HR managers should possess the mental ability to communicate, articulate and handle people and situations with intelligence He should have the learning skills as he needs to continuously upgrade himself to stay abreast with the outside world.
HR managers should have both leadership and executive skills. They should be able to lead a large group of people towards a course of action that is in the best interest of the individual as well as the organization. He should be organized as there is no margin of error when dealing with the lives and careers of people. He should have a comprehensive understanding of HR policies, principles, programs, practices and laws.
For healthy and successful running of a business, it is very important that the HR managers comply with the code of moral principles and values with respect to what is right or wrong.
Employees should be coached from time to time and their ethical dilemmas should be cleared. In case of any violation, the company should not hesitate to punish the unethical behaviour of the employees. HR professionals should communicate clearly and fairly and aim to promote equity.
HR professionals are company conscience and keepers of confidential information. They should respect and maintain privacy always. Come on! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Skip to content Post last modified: 3 January Reading time: 10 mins read.
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Human Resource Management: Meaning, Objectives, Scope and Functions
Everything you need to know about the scope of HRM. The organizational objectives can be best attained by acquiring human resource, develop their skills, motivate them for high performance and ensure that they continue to maintain their commitment and loyalty towards the high performance. The scope of HRM is very vast. It covers all the activities in the working life of an employee. The scope of HRM is comparatively wider with enhanced vision so far as the following fields are concerned Job Analysis 3. Job Evaluation 4.
Human resource management (HRM), the management of work and people towards This article focuses on the scope of HRM and its major subfields. of the HRM Profession: A US Perspective · Index. Go to page: View PDF. Page of the problems in defining a core workforce and subsequent tensions in managing.
Nature and scope of Human Resource Management (HRM)
Human resource management HRM , the management of work and people towards desired ends, is a fundamental activity in any organization in which human beings are employed. It is not something whose existence needs to be elaborately justified: HRM is an inevitable consequence of starting and growing an organization. This article focuses on the scope of HRM and its major subfields. While there are a myriad of variations in the ideologies, styles, and managerial resources engaged, HRM happens in some form or other.
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1. HRM-Nature,Need,Scope & Significance
Human resource management HRM is the process of acquiring, training, appraising, and compensating employees, and of attending to their labor relations, health and safety, and fairness concerns. Dale Yoder defines Human Resource Management as that part of the phase of management dealing effectively with control and use of manpower as distinguished from other sources of power. According to F. Brech , Human Resource Management is that part of management progress which is primarily concerned with the human constituents of an organization. According to Leon C. What is HRM Nature? Human resource management aims at fulfilling the goal of each individual and the organization on a whole.
In common parlance, human resources means the people. However, different management experts have defined human resources differently. For example, Michael J.
The activities are as follows. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Toggle navigation HRM Exam. It involves procurement, development, maintenance and management of human resource. It helps to achieve individual, organizational and social objectives.
Human resources are undoubtedly the key resources in an organization, the easiest and the most difficult to manage! The objectives of the HRM span right from the manpower needs assessment to management and retention of the same. To this effect Human resource management is responsible for effective designing and implementation of various policies, procedures and programs. It is all about developing and managing knowledge, skills, creativity, aptitude and talent and using them optimally. Human Resource Management is not just limited to manage and optimally exploit human intellect.
In a broad definition, a human resource management system, or HRMS, encompasses the highest level of human resource management activities. It is a program of multiple human resource policies that are internally consistent in relation to a human resource objective. HRMS also refers to the integration of human resource management and information technology to automate and facilitate human resource activities. The general notion of an HRMS helps small-business managers craft suitable human resource systems based on their field of business and business growth stage. The human resource management system of a company has a significant impact on individual and organizational effectiveness.
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