Cholera Symptoms And Treatment Pdf

cholera symptoms and treatment pdf

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Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. Cholera has been very rare in industrialized nations for the last years; however, the disease is still common today in other parts of the world, including the Indian subcontinent and sub-Saharan Africa. Although cholera can be life-threatening, it is easily prevented and treated.

Causes and Symptoms of Cholera

Cholera is a serious bacterial disease that usually causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. The disease is typically spread through contaminated water. In severe cases, immediate treatment is necessary because death can occur within hours. This can happen even if you were healthy before you caught it. Modern sewage and water treatment have effectively eliminated cholera in most countries. Countries affected by war, poverty, and natural disasters have the greatest risk for a cholera outbreak. Cholera is caused by bacteria called Vibrio cholerae.

Between 1 and 4 million people worldwide are affected by cholera each year. People can get very bad diarrhea from cholera. Some 21, to , die, most often from dehydration. Cholera occurs in areas without clean water. It is rare in industrialized countries, such as the United States, ever since modern sewer and water systems appeared about years ago. Although cholera usually occurs in areas of poor sanitation and unclean water, outbreaks can also take place after natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, etc.

Cholera is an intestinal bacterial infection that spreads through contaminated water. It can cause severe diarrhea and dehydration. Although most cases aren't severe and can be treated, the condition can lead to death for those who don't get the proper care. Those who experience cholera dehydration typically have symptoms such as irritability, fatigue, sunken eyes, dry mouth, extreme thirst, and dry and shriveled skin, as well as lack of urination, reduced blood pressure, and irregular heartbeat. In addition, cholera-related dehydration can cause an electrolyte imbalance, or a rapid loss of vital minerals in your blood.

Everything you need to know about cholera

Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by certain strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. In the United States, cholera occurs in persons who travel to foreign countries where outbreaks of cholera are occurring and who drink contaminated water and food there, or those who eat raw or undercooked seafood, including seafood from the Gulf of Mexico. The disease is not a threat in the United States and other countries with advanced water and sanitation systems. People with cholera shed the bacteria in their feces stool. The disease is not likely to spread directly from one person to another.

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is caused by a number of types of Vibrio cholerae , with some types producing more severe disease than others. Prevention methods against cholera include improved sanitation and access to clean water. The primary symptoms of cholera are profuse diarrhea and vomiting of clear fluid. Fever is rare and should raise suspicion for secondary infection.

On 20 June , a cholera outbreak affecting more than 30 people was reported in a fishing village, Katwe, in Kasese District, south-western Uganda. We investigated this outbreak to identify the mode of transmission and to recommend control measures. We defined a suspected case as onset of acute watery diarrhoea between 1 June and 15 July in a resident of Katwe village; a confirmed case was a suspected case with Vibrio cholerae cultured from stool. For case finding, we reviewed medical records and actively searched for cases in the community. In a case-control investigation we compared exposure histories of 32 suspected case-persons and age-matched controls. We also conducted an environmental assessment on how the exposures had occurred.

Cholera is an acute, diarrhoeal illness caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe.

What Is Cholera? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Cholera is a bacterial disease usually spread through contaminated water. Cholera causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. Left untreated, cholera can be fatal within hours, even in previously healthy people.

Cholera is an acute epidemic infectious disease. It is characterized by watery diarrhea, extreme loss of fluid and electrolytes, and severe dehydration. It can be fatal.

Management of a CHOLERA EPIDEMIC

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5.10 Management and prevention of complications

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Julie H.


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