Meaning And Scope Of Educational Psychology Pdf

meaning and scope of educational psychology pdf

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Notes on Educational Psychology: Nature, Scope and Methods

Educational psychology involves the study of how people learn , including topics such as student outcomes, the instructional process, individual differences in learning, gifted learners, and learning disabilities.

Psychologists who work in this field are interested in how people learn and retain new information. This branch of psychology involves not just the learning process of early childhood and adolescence but includes the social, emotional, and cognitive processes that are involved in learning throughout the entire lifespan.

The field of educational psychology incorporates a number of other disciplines, including developmental psychology , behavioral psychology , and cognitive psychology. In today's complex educational system, educational psychologists work with educators, administrators, teachers, and students to learn more about how to help people learn best.

This often involves finding ways to identify students who may need extra help, developing programs aimed at helping students who are struggling, and even creating new learning methods.

Some of the different topics that educational psychologists are interested in include:. Throughout history, a number of figures have played an important role in the development of educational psychology.

Some of these well-known individuals include:. Educational psychology is a relatively young subfield that has experienced a tremendous amount of growth in recent years.

Psychology did not emerge as a separate science until the late s, so earlier interest in educational psychology was largely fueled by educational philosophers. Herbart believed that a student's interest in a topic had a tremendous influence on the learning outcome and believed that teachers should consider this interest along with prior knowledge when deciding which type of instruction is most appropriate.

Later, psychologist and philosopher William James made significant contributions to the field. His seminal text Talks to Teachers on Psychology is considered the first textbook on educational psychology. The tests were originally designed to help the French government identify children who had developmental delays to create special education programs.

Dewey's ideas were progressive, and he believed that schools should focus on students rather than on subjects. He advocated active learning and believed that hands-on experience was an important part of the learning process. More recently, educational psychologist Benjamin Bloom developed an important taxonomy designed to categorize, and describe different educational objectives.

The three top-level domains he described were cognitive, affective, and psychomotor learning objectives. As with other areas of psychology, researchers within educational psychology tend to take on different perspectives when considering a problem.

While educational psychology may be a relatively young discipline, it will continue to grow as people become more interested in understanding how people learn. APA Division 15, devoted to the subject of educational psychology, currently lists more than 2, members. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. Hergenhahn, B. An Introduction to the History of Psychology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Zimmerman, B. Educational Psychology: A Century of Contributions. Table of Contents View All. Table of Contents. Topics of Interest. Significant Figures. Major Perspectives. Many regard philosopher Johann Herbart as the "father" of educational psychology. In the United States, John Dewey had a significant influence on education.

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Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Related Articles. How Do Psychologists Help Children? Edward Thorndike's Contribution to the Field of Psychology.

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Educational Psychology and the Learning Process

Education Details: different levels. Educational psychology helps the teacher to study the ability, interests, intelligence, needs and adopt different techniques of teaching for effective communication. This paper examines the importance of educational psychology in teachers' education and national development in Nigeria. The why study educational psychology pdf. Education Details: Educational psychology is the applied knowledge gained from psychology uses in the classrooms. It is helpful in under stand ing the learners, learning process, instructional strategies and provides Education Details: educational psychology is central to the teaching enterprise and to the preparation of teachers.

The scope of educational psychology is ever-growing due to constantly researches in this field. The following factors will indicate the scope of educational psychology: 1. Human Behaviour. It studies human behaviour in the educational context. Psychology is the study of behaviour and education aims at modification of behaviour. Hence the influence of Educational Psychology has to be reflected in all aspects of education. Growth and development.

Psychology is a science of behavior. But Educational Psychology cannot be described as such. Instead, it is an applied branch of general psychology that studies the behavior of an individual in the learning situation and its problems. It mainly deals with the problems of the students and of the teachers in their respective situations of learning and teaching. Generally speaking, it deals with the young rather than the old, and with the learning situations of the school rather than those of the wider environment. In brief, we can say that Educational psychology is a psychology of learning.

Educational psychology

Educational psychology involves the study of how people learn , including topics such as student outcomes, the instructional process, individual differences in learning, gifted learners, and learning disabilities. Psychologists who work in this field are interested in how people learn and retain new information. This branch of psychology involves not just the learning process of early childhood and adolescence but includes the social, emotional, and cognitive processes that are involved in learning throughout the entire lifespan. The field of educational psychology incorporates a number of other disciplines, including developmental psychology , behavioral psychology , and cognitive psychology. In today's complex educational system, educational psychologists work with educators, administrators, teachers, and students to learn more about how to help people learn best.

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Introduction to Educational Psychology 2.

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Meaning of Educational Psychology 2. Definitions of Educational Psychology 3. Nature 4.

Educational psychology

According to earlier psychologists, the function of psychology was to study the nature, origin and destiny of the human soul. But soul is something metaphysical.

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It is the scientific study of human behaviour in educational setting. According to Charles. E. Skinner, “Educational psychology deals with the behaviour of human beings in educational situations”. Thus educational psychology is a behavioural science with two main references– human behaviour and education.

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