File Name: freud s 1905 jokes and their relation to the unconscious .zip
Handbook of Humor Research pp Cite as. Every theory both depends upon and attempts to explain a particular set of facts or observations.
Sigmund Freud noticed that humor , like dreams, can be related to unconscious content. In fact, he sorted humor into three categories that could be translated as: joke , comic , and mimetic. In Freud's view, jokes the verbal and interpersonal form of humor happened when the conscious allowed the expression of thoughts that society usually suppressed or forbade.
The ego mechanisms of defense both "coping" and "defensive" were observed in the life-styles of 30 men over a year period of prospective follow-up. The results suggest that most ego mechanisms of defense, although first described in pathologically abnormal populations, can be observed in an adult population specially selected for "health. For others, choice of ego mechanism appeared to evolve parallel to a maturing life adaptation.
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Why do we laugh? The answer, argued Freud in this groundbreaking study of humor, is that jokes, like dreams, satisfy our unconscious desires. In elaborating this theory, Freud brings together a rich collection of puns, witticisms, one-liners, and anecdotes, which, as Freud shows, are a method of giving ourselves away. For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. Analytic Part I.
Humor in Freud
On a certain reading, the respective theories of Freud and Nietzsche might be described as exploring the suffered relational histories of the subject, who is driven by need ; these histories might also be understood as histories of language. This suggests a view of language as a complicated mode of identifying-with , which obliges linguistic subjects to identify the non-identical, but also enables them to simultaneously identify with each other in the psychoanalytic sense. This ambivalent space of psychoanalytic identification would be conditioned by relational histories. On the other hand, given other relational histories, it may produce the possibility for more transitional modes of identification, and thereby modes of language that can bear its suffered histories, and lead to proliferation of singular compromise formations. It is suggested that while the former is historically dominant, Nietzsche and various psychoanalytic thinkers contribute to conceiving of the possibility of working ourselves towards the latter. This is an Open Access journal.
For over a century multiple theoretical accounts proposed different sets of necessary and sufficient conditions for distinguishing humorous from non-humorous stimuli. Proponents of the different theoretical accounts often show a high degree of conviction, suggesting introspection might not be the best tool for judging the validity of humor theories. Other than introspection, two methods have been employed to test humor theories: content analysis and experimental approach. These methods have yielded much valuable insight, however they are imperfect. Content analyses examine a corpus of humorous stimuli in an attempt to determine whether the conditions for humor proposed by a theory are present in all corpus stimuli e. Unfortunately, the conditions proposed by many of the humor theories are too vague or abstract to allow a rigorous content analysis.
Although most people value humor, philosophers have said little about it, and what they have said is largely critical. Three traditional theories of laughter and humor are examined, along with the theory that humor evolved from mock-aggressive play in apes. Understanding humor as play helps counter the traditional objections to it and reveals some of its benefits, including those it shares with philosophy itself. Philosophers are concerned with what is important in life, so two things are surprising about what they have said about humor. The first is how little they have said. From ancient times to the 20 th century, the most that any notable philosopher wrote about laughter or humor was an essay, and only a few lesser-known thinkers such as Frances Hutcheson and James Beattie wrote that much. The word humor was not used in its current sense of funniness until the 18 th century, we should note, and so traditional discussions were about laughter or comedy.
sics, Pure Pleasure, his choice of the fifty most enjoyable books of the twentieth century, appeared by Deuticke (Leipzig and Vienna) English). The joke and its relation to the unconscious / Sigmund Frend ; translated by Joyce Crick;.
Notes toward a Field Theory of Humor
These three books, together with others written in that period, can only be properly understood through the intrinsic reference that binds them to one another. But something strange happened in the subsequent editions of Three Essays and their reception. Freud kept rewriting his Three Essays over the years.