File Name: saladin and the fall of the kingdom of jerusalem .zip
- History of Jerusalem during the Kingdom of Jerusalem
- Kingdom of Jerusalem
- Saladin and the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
- Battle of Montgisard
The Muslim army was quickly routed and pursued for twelve miles.
This work first published in has become almost an authoritative account of the era of the Crusades and the life of one of Muslim world's best known leaders, Saladin al-Ayyubi, or Saladin. The author's objective and unbiased research on Saladin, as well as extensive consultation of books by Muslim and European historians on the subjects, makes the book one of the best sources on the Crusades even more than a hundred years after its first edition. This edition is the first time it has been subject to typographical revision and updates so that contemporary readers may be able to identify the names of persons and places as it is currently known. The generosity, the magnanimity and the high sense of morality which the Sultan displayed in that hour of his triumph, have been universally applauded by the historians. Says one: "if the taking of Jerusalem were the only fact known about Saladin, it were enough to prove him the most chivalrous and great-hearted conqueror of his own and perhaps of any age.
History of Jerusalem during the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Kingdom of Jerusalem , a state formed in from territory in Palestine wrested from the Muslims by European Christians during the First Crusade and lasting until , when the two surviving cities of the kingdom succumbed to attacks by Muslim armies. Though fiefs tended to become hereditary, kings often had to intervene to settle succession disputes and to enforce the Assizes of Jerusalem , the code of law upon which the government of the kingdom was based.
Economically, the kingdom was not wealthy, depending on trade with the Muslims, banking activities, and taxes on pilgrims to keep the government operating and to provide for defense. Though there were some fertile districts, much was barren, and in bad years grain had to be imported from Syria to feed the Christians. The early kings of Jerusalem, Baldwin I reigned —18 and Baldwin II —31 , secured the kingdom by capturing the coastal towns and building new fortifications to safeguard the interior of Palestine and the northern territories.
Subsequently, the kings tried to expand into the south, abandoning the earlier policy and indirectly contributing to the Muslim conquest of Edessa When the Second Crusade failed, the Muslims began to strengthen their position. King Amalric I reigned —74 directed attacks against Egypt , and his failures contributed to the rise of the Muslim leader Saladin reigned —93 , who succeeded in uniting the previously divided Muslim world in a massive attack on the Holy Land.
With the fall of Jerusalem, the kings made Acre the capital of their kingdom, and there they watched the slow erosion of their territory throughout the 13th century, despite the efforts of new expeditions from Europe to regain lost ground. Driven from the Asian mainland in , the ruling house of Lusignan retreated to the island of Cyprus , which its members ruled until the late 15th century, still claiming the title king of Jerusalem.
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Alternative Title: Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Read More on This Topic. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Frederick took the cross; the kings of England and France followed suit. The Crusaders settled down to colonize and defend the coast of Palestine and Syria and to quarrel among themselves. While they did so, Alexius…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
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Kingdom of Jerusalem
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J. R. Jewett; Saladin and the Fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. By Stanley Lane-Poole, M. A. Article PDF first page preview. Article PDF first page preview.
Saladin and the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Kingdom of Jerusalem , a state formed in from territory in Palestine wrested from the Muslims by European Christians during the First Crusade and lasting until , when the two surviving cities of the kingdom succumbed to attacks by Muslim armies. Though fiefs tended to become hereditary, kings often had to intervene to settle succession disputes and to enforce the Assizes of Jerusalem , the code of law upon which the government of the kingdom was based. Economically, the kingdom was not wealthy, depending on trade with the Muslims, banking activities, and taxes on pilgrims to keep the government operating and to provide for defense. Though there were some fertile districts, much was barren, and in bad years grain had to be imported from Syria to feed the Christians.
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Battle of Montgisard
Tobias Osterhaug , Western Washington University. The first Crusade, a massive and unprecedented undertaking in the western world, differed from the majority of subsequent crusades into the Holy Land in an important way: it contained no royalty and was undertaken with very little direct support from the ruling families of Western Europe. This aspect of the crusade led to the development of sophisticated hierarchies and vassalages among the knights who led the crusade. These relationships culminated in the formation of the Crusader States, Latin outposts in the Levant surrounded by Muslim states, and populated primarily by non-Catholic or non-Christian peoples. Despite the difficulties engendered by this situation, the Crusader States managed to maintain control over the Holy Land for much of the twelfth century, and, to a lesser degree, for several decades after the Fall of Jerusalem in to Saladin.
Jerusalem was conquered by the Christian First Crusade in , after it had been under Muslim rule for years. It became the capital of the Christian Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem , until it was again conquered by the Ayyubids in For the next forty years, a series of Christian campaigns the Third , Fourth and Fifth Crusades attempted in vain to retake the city, until Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor leading the Sixth Crusade successfully negotiated its return in
Jewett, Saladin and the Fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. By Stanley Lane-Poole, M. New York and London: G. Putnam's Sons. Most users should sign in with their email address.
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Беккер открыл конверт и увидел толстую пачку красноватых банкнот. - Что. - Местная валюта, - безучастно сказал пилот.
Кардиналу надоело выходить из церкви через главный вход подобно обычному грешнику. ГЛАВА 96 Промокшая и дрожащая от холода, Сьюзан пристроилась на диванчике в Третьем узле. Стратмор прикрыл ее своим пиджаком.