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- The Orthodox Church: An Introduction to the History, Doctrine, and Spiritual Culture
- Eastern Orthodoxy
- Eastern Orthodoxy
It identifies the movement of Christian musics across space and time, tracking their circulation and transformation over a long historical canvas, as well as the broad range of modalities of encounter and exchange mediated by Christian musicking.
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The Orthodox Church: An Introduction to the History, Doctrine, and Spiritual Culture
Eastern Orthodoxy , official name Orthodox Catholic Church , one of the three major doctrinal and jurisdictional groups of Christianity. It is characterized by its continuity with the apostolic church, its liturgy, and its territorial churches.
Its adherents live mainly in the Balkans , the Middle East , and former Soviet countries. Eastern Orthodoxy is the large body of Christians who follow the faith and practices that were defined by the first seven ecumenical councils.
These terms are sometimes misleading, especially when applied to Russian or Slavic churches and to the Orthodox communities in western Europe and America. From the time of the Council of Chalcedon in to the late 20th century, the Oriental Orthodox churches were out of communion with the Roman Catholic Church and later the Eastern Orthodox Church because of a perceived difference in doctrine regarding the divine and human natures of Jesus.
This changed in the s, when both churches independently began dialogue with the Oriental Orthodox churches and resolved many of the ancient Christological disputes. The Schism of between the churches of the East and the West was the culmination of a gradual process of estrangement that began in the first centuries of the Christian era and continued through the Middle Ages. Linguistic and cultural differences, as well as political events, contributed to the estrangement.
From the 4th to the 11th century, Constantinople now Istanbul , the centre of Eastern Christianity, was also the capital of the Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, Empire , while Rome , after the barbarian invasions , fell under the influence of the Holy Roman Empire of the West, a political rival.
In the West theology remained under the influence of St. Augustine of Hippo — , while in the East doctrinal thought was shaped by the Greek Fathers.
Theological differences could have been settled if the two areas had not simultaneously developed different concepts of church authority. The growth of Roman primacy, based on the concept of the apostolic origin of the church of Rome , was incompatible with the Eastern idea that the importance of certain local churches—Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, and, later, Constantinople—could be determined only by their numerical and political significance.
For the East, the highest authority in settling doctrinal disputes was the ecumenical council. Missionary expansion toward Asia and emigration toward the West, however, have helped to maintain the importance of Orthodoxy worldwide. The number of autocephalous churches has varied in history.
These titles are strictly honorary. The order of precedence in which the autocephalous churches are listed does not reflect their actual influence or numerical importance. The patriarchates of Constantinople, Alexandria, and Antioch, for example, present only shadows of their past glory.
The modern pan-Orthodox conferences were thus convoked by the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople. Several of the autocephalous churches are de facto national churches, the Russian church being by far the largest. However, it is not the criterion of nationality but rather the territorial principle that is the norm of organization in the Orthodox church.
Since the Russian Revolution there has been much turmoil and administrative conflict within the Orthodox church. In western Europe and in the Americas, in particular, overlapping jurisdictions have been set up, and political passions have led to the formation of ecclesiastical organizations without clear canonical status.
Although it has provoked controversy, the establishment of the autocephalous Orthodox Church in America by the patriarch of Moscow has as its stated goal the resumption of normal territorial unity in the Western Hemisphere. In October the Russian Orthodox Church severed its ties with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople after the latter approved the independence of an autocephalous church of Ukraine; Bartholomew I , the ecumenical patriarch, formally recognized the independence of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine from the Russian Orthodox Church in January Article Contents.
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McGuckin, John Anthony. Fergusson, David. McGrath, Alister E. Hamilton, Alastair. Bauerschmidt, Frederick C. Scholarly, timely, and always thought provoking, The Orthodox Church provides Orthodoxy with the long-awaited voice to engage in a meaningful dialog with contemporary Western culture. A major new full length study of the Orthodox Church written by one of the leading Orthodox historians and theologians of the English-speaking world The most comprehensive and up-to-date account of the Orthodox Church available, providing a detailed account of its historical development, as well as exploring Orthodox theology and culture Offers an in-depth engagement with the issues surrounding Orthodoxy's relationship to the modern world, including political, cultural and ethical debates Considers the belief tradition, spirituality, liturgical diversity, and Biblical heritage of the Eastern Churches; their endurance of oppressions and totalitarianisms; and their contemporary need to rediscover their voice and confidence in a new world-order.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. A profile of Pentecostal Christianity, its history and increasing popularity, and Pentecostalist worshippers' customs of speaking in tongues, prayer cloths, healing by laying on of hands and rarely serpent handling. According to research published in December , Pentecostals are the fastest-growing group of Christians in the UK. The research was based on an analysis of the English Church Census, carried out by the charity Christian Research and was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council. Pentecostalism is a form of Christianity that emphasises the work of the Holy Spirit and the direct experience of the presence of God by the believer.
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Eastern Orthodoxy , official name Orthodox Catholic Church , one of the three major doctrinal and jurisdictional groups of Christianity. It is characterized by its continuity with the apostolic church, its liturgy, and its territorial churches. Its adherents live mainly in the Balkans , the Middle East , and former Soviet countries.
Autocephaly recognized universally de facto , by some Autocephalous Churches de jure:. The Eastern Orthodox Church , officially the Orthodox Catholic Church ,     is the second-largest Christian church , [a]  with approximately million baptised members. As one of the oldest surviving religious institutions in the world, the Eastern Orthodox Church has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe , the Caucasus , and the Near East. Eastern Orthodox theology is based on holy tradition which incorporates the dogmatic decrees of the seven Ecumenical Councils , the Scriptures, and the teaching of the Church Fathers.
European Glocalization in Global Context pp Cite as. To this day, the historical intertwining between religion and globalization remains a relatively understudied area of scholarship for two notable exceptions, see Beyer, ; Warburg, ; for a general overview, Roudometof, forthcoming.
About Follow Donate. Polling and Analysis. By Travis Mitchell. Overall, most Muslims in Israel say they adhere to core tenets of their faith. Christians in Israel also are generally observant of their faith.
its historical development, as well as exploring Orthodox theology and culture Orthodox Church: An Introduction to its History, Doctrine, and Spiritual Culture.
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