Guano And The Opening Of The Pacific World Pdf

guano and the opening of the pacific world pdf

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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Cushman Published History.

Cushman, 'Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World,' Roundtable Review, Vol. 6, No. 2 (2016)

He suggests that the Black Death, the African Slave Trade, the Second World War and the harvesting of bird excrement deposits from islands in the Pacific oceans were of equal importance in world history. The opening pages foreshadow this impressively vast book, which follows guano through time and space and intertwines environmental, social, intellectual, economic and climate histories with the history of colonialism, science, migration and global development. As if these topics were not ambitious enough, Cushman also traces the influence of technocratic governance and neo-Malthusianism at both the national Peruvian and global scales. The book introduces numerous individuals, from explorers, scientific experts, technocrats and colonial administrators through to the workers who mined the guano, nitrates and phosphates and members of the island nations displaced by the mining. All round, this is one of the most impressive books published in the emerging field of global environmental history. Leading environmental historians, including J.

Cushman, Gregory T. Export to RefWorks. Full text via Cambridge University Press. Title from publisher's bibliographic system viewed on 05 Oct For centuries, bird guano has played a pivotal role in the agricultural and economic development of Latin America, East Asia and Oceania.

Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World: A Global Ecological History

David Igler, G regory T. C ushman. Gregory T. Cushman's Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World moves skillfully from the largest scale of global history to smaller spatial scales, including the transnational, oceanic, regional, and local. And then Cushman moves in even closer to the scale of bird excrement, all the while keeping his attention on the connections between those valuable droppings and more common human and ecological issues. A stellar contribution to Pacific, environmental, world, and Latin American history, Cushman's study demonstrates the potential of following relationships far outward from a substance that most people prefer to wipe from the soles of their feet.

Guano Spanish from Quechua : wanu is the accumulated excrement of seabirds and bats. As a manure , guano is a highly effective fertilizer due to its exceptionally high content of nitrogen , phosphate , and potassium : key nutrients essential for plant growth. Guano was also, to a lesser extent, sought for the production of gunpowder and other explosive materials. The 19th-century guano trade played a pivotal role in the development of modern input-intensive farming, but its demand began to decline after the discovery of the Haber—Bosch process of nitrogen fixing led to the production of synthetic fertilizers. The demand for guano spurred the human colonization of remote bird islands in many parts of the world, resulting in some of the first examples of U. The guano mining process resulted in ecological degradation through the loss of millions of seabirds.

Cushman W. Gregory T. New York: Cambridge University Press, The first time I whiffed the full significance of guano was courtesy of Eduardo Galeano. In Faces and Masks , the second part of his epic trilogy Memory of Fire [] , p. For millennia, millions of birds had concluded their digestive process on the coast of southern Peru. The Incas knew that this guano could revive any land, however dead it seemed; but Europe did not know the magical powers of the Peruvian fertilizer until Humboldt brought back the first samples.

Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World - Half title page. pp i-ii. A Global Ecological History. Access. PDF · HTML; Export citation.

Journal of Latin American Geography

Червь ползет с удвоенной скоростью. У нас осталось всего восемь минут. Мы ищем число, а не произвольный набор букв. - Четыре умножить на шестнадцать, - спокойно сказал Дэвид.  - Вспомни арифметику, Сьюзан.

Это избирательный цикл. Иными словами, это червь со своими пристрастиями. Бринкерхофф открыл рот, собираясь что-то сказать, но Фонтейн движением руки заставил его замолчать.

 - Я хочу быть абсолютно уверен, что это абсолютно стойкий шифр. Чатрукьян продолжал колотить по стеклу. - Ничего не поделаешь, - вздохнул Стратмор.

В тот момент Сьюзан поняла, за что уважает Тревора Стратмора. Все эти десять лет, в штиль и в бурю, он вел ее за. Уверенно и неуклонно.

Guano And The Opening Of The Pacific World By Gregory T Cushman

Неужели все это был сон. Сьюзан повернулась к тумбочке. На ней стояли пустая бутылка из-под шампанского, два бокала… и лежала записка.

Бедолага. Беккер ничего не сказал и продолжал разглядывать пальцы умершего. - Вы уверены, что на руке у него не было перстня. Офицер удивленно на него посмотрел. - Перстня. - Да.

PDF | On Jan 1, , Gregory Knapp published Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World: A Global Ecological History, Gregory T. Cushman. Cambridge.

Сьюзан пробежала мимо них с одной только мыслью - как можно скорее предупредить Стратмора. Сотрудник лаборатории систем безопасности схватил ее за руку. - Мисс Флетчер. У нас вирус. Я уверен.




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