File Name: the action and adventure cinema .zip
- The Action and Adventure Cinema
- The Romance of Adventure: The Genre of Historical Adventure Movies
- Action Cinema
- Film Genres
By studying the genre! Even if you aren't planning to shoot the next Indiana Jones, you can take elements of the Adventure genre and apply them to ANY film to make it more dynamic. The adventure genre is built around our desire to search for "more" in our lives. More meaning, more excitement, and sometimes more treasure.
The Action and Adventure Cinema
Adventure Films are exciting stories, with new experiences or exotic locales. Adventure films are very similar to the action film genre, in that they are designed to provide an action-filled, energetic experience for the film viewer.
Rather than the predominant emphasis on violence and fighting that is found in action films, however, the viewer of adventure films can live vicariously through the travels, conquests, explorations, creation of empires, struggles and situations that confront the main characters, actual historical figures or protagonists. Adventure films were intended to appeal mainly to men, creating major male heroic stars through the years. These courageous, patriotic, or altruistic heroes often fought for their beliefs, struggled for freedom, or overcame injustice.
Modern adventure films, some of which have been successful blockbusters, have crossed over and added resourceful action heroes and oftentimes heroines. Under the category of adventure films, we can include traditional swashbucklers, serialized films, and historical spectacles similar to the epics film genre , searches or expeditions for lost continents, "jungle" and "desert" epics, treasure hunts and quests, disaster films , and heroic journeys or searches for the unknown.
Adventure films are often set in an historical period, and may include adapted stories of historical or literary adventure heroes Robin Hood, Tarzan, and Zorro for example , kings, battles, rebellion, or piracy. Adventure films share many elements with other genres - there are numerous examples of sci-fi , fantasy , and war films with characteristics of this genre.
Adventure films, in a broader context, could include boxing movies, motor racing films, and films adapted from literary novels i. Individual directors often associated with adventure films include Cecil B. The major adventure film stars through the years have included Douglas Fairbanks Sr. The female stars in these movies often were secondary figures, or romantic interests for the male leads. Heroine Pearl White in the episode The Perils of Pauline was the first major super-star of the silent serials.
Steven Spielberg's Raiders of the Lost Ark was an affectionate return and tribute to the early days of Saturday morning matinees and cinema, with comic-book archaeology hero Indiana Jones Harrison Ford battling the Nazis while searching for the sacred Ark of the Covenant - the first in a very successful trilogy of films.
So were the adventure-action-romance-comedies Romancing the Stone and its sequel The Jewel of the Nile starring Michael Douglas as the American soldier-of-fortune, and Kathleen Turner as a romance novelist.
The first major form of adventure film was the swashbuckler with energetic Hollywood, beefcake action-heroes in historically atmospheric settings of the 18th or 19th centuries. Swashbucklers included lavish sets, costumes, and weapons of the past, and were often built upon action scenes of sea battles, castle duels, sword and cutlass fighting, etc. The first successful swashbuckler star of the s was the charming, exuberant, gracefully-athletic, gymnastic actor Douglas Fairbanks Sr.
Moving from comedy-adventures to derring-do costume adventures at the start of the decade, Fairbanks starred in director Fred Niblo's silent The Mark of Zorro , adapted from Johnson McCulley's novel The Curse of Capistrano. He starred in the dual role of Don Diego and the dashing young swordsman Zorro - the hero of the oppressed poor by tyrants ruling in California in the s. This portrayal established Fairbanks as the predominant dueling swashbuckler in the silent era, in a duel against Noah Beery.
Fairbanks reprised his legendary role as the son of the masked avenger in director Donald Crisp's two-hour sequel Don Q, Son of Zorro , while romancing and saving Mary Astor. One of the best silent swashbucklers was Robin Hood in which he starred as the famed adventurer in love with Maid Marian - he also wrote the film's screenplay and financed the expensive film.
Fairbanks also appeared in the title swashbuckling role as The Gaucho and danced a hot tango with co-star Lupe Velez. In the first of four film versions of The Thief of Bagdad , this one directed by Raoul Walsh, Fairbanks played the role of a roguish thief who won the heart of Bagdad's Princess Julanne Johnston.
Its imaginative special effects still dazzle. His most typical starring role was represented by The Black Pirate filmed in two-strip Technicolor , in which he played a shipwrecked mariner who sought revenge against bloodthirsty pirates - the adventure swashbuckler was the first full-length blockbuster color film.
The exciting film included a cutlass duel, an underwater swimming raid on the pirate ship, and Fairbanks' most famous stunt - riding down a ship's sail on the point of his knife. Creative director Rouben Mamoulian stylishly remade the Fairbanks' Zorro tale almost two decades later as the historical swashbuckler The Mark of Zorro with Tyrone Power as the dashing, masked and foppish hero Don Diego Vega in old California, who duels with a villainous oppressor Basil Rathbone to the death in the film's climax.
The version also featured glowing and gorgeous Linda Darnell and Gale Sondergaard as the good and bad female characters respectively. Another leading swashbuckler was Ramon Novarro, who starred in Metro Pictures' and director Rex Ingram's lush, dramatic adventure tale Scaramouche , derived from Rafael Sabatini's novel. The film was remade in by director George Sidney - Scaramouche , with Stewart Granger and Mel Ferrer in the lead roles - well-reknowned for a six-minute fencing duel.
Another of the earliest swashbucklers was director Alan Crosland's Don Juan , starring distinguished American stage and screen actor John Barrymore as the famed lover. It featured the silent screen's longest sword-fight between Montague Love and Barrymore. Fairbanks, in the silent era, was succeeded by the dashing Australian actor Errol Flynn - the major swashbuckling male star of the 30s and early 40s adventure films in the sound era.
His first of many historical, costume adventure films was director Michael Curtiz' Captain Blood about an Irish surgeon named Dr. Peter Blood who was charged with treason, sold into slavery, and ultimately became a buccaneer in the Caribbean. This was Flynn's first film of eight features with a young and lovely 19 year-old Olivia de Havilland, and the film featured the first original film score by Erich Wolfgang Korngold.
Flynn played a 19th century British army officer stationed in India in the military swashbuckler The Charge of the Light Brigade , and he portrayed Sherwood Forest's 12th century legendary outlaw in the three Oscar-winning The Adventures of Robin Hood The latter was his most popular film and the quintessential adventure-tale swashbuckler about the Robin Hood legend.
The film featured superior monochromatic cinematography by Sol Polito. He also starred in Against All Flags with Maureen O'Hara as a female buccaneer and Anthony Quinn as the head of a pirate band , by portraying Brian Hawke - a British naval officer who spied for the English by infiltrating a pirate haven.
All rights reserved. Filmsite: written by Tim Dirks. Search for:. Facebook Twitter Email. The Swashbuckler and Douglas Fairbanks, Sr: The first major form of adventure film was the swashbuckler with energetic Hollywood, beefcake action-heroes in historically atmospheric settings of the 18th or 19th centuries.
The Zorro Tales: Creative director Rouben Mamoulian stylishly remade the Fairbanks' Zorro tale almost two decades later as the historical swashbuckler The Mark of Zorro with Tyrone Power as the dashing, masked and foppish hero Don Diego Vega in old California, who duels with a villainous oppressor Basil Rathbone to the death in the film's climax. Errol Flynn in Swashbucklers: Fairbanks, in the silent era, was succeeded by the dashing Australian actor Errol Flynn - the major swashbuckling male star of the 30s and early 40s adventure films in the sound era.
The Romance of Adventure: The Genre of Historical Adventure Movies
Action film is a film genre in which the protagonist or protagonists are thrust into a series of events that typically include violence , extended fighting, physical feats, rescues and frantic chases. Action films tend to feature a mostly resourceful hero struggling against incredible odds, which include life-threatening situations, a dangerous villain, or a pursuit which usually concludes in victory for the hero though a small number of films in this genre have ended in the victory for the villain instead. Advancements in computer-generated imagery CGI have made it cheaper and easier to create action sequences and other visual effects that required the efforts of professional stunt crews in the past. However, reactions to action films containing significant amounts of CGI have been mixed, as films that use computer animations to create unrealistic, highly unbelievable events are often met with criticism. Common action scenes in films are generally, but not limited to, explosions, car chases, fistfights and shootouts. This genre is closely associated with the thriller and adventure genres and they may also contain elements of drama and spy fiction. Screenwriter and scholar Eric R.
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Part 1: History and Style 1. Inventing Early Cinema 2. The 'Culture War' of Sensational Melodrama, 3. Bastard of Art': Early Film Melodrama 4. Dwight MacDonald and the Historical Epic 7. Ready for Action: G. Europeans in Action
Action cinema speaks volumes about our visual culture, the state of cinema, and how entertainment is produced. Furthermore, action cinema also engages the American mythologies, speaking volumes about how America sees itself. This course will be an experiment, since it is open for both 2nd and 4th semester students but the semesters are assigned different readings. My hope is that synergies will form between contextual readings 2nd semester and aesthetic readings 4th semester. For this reason, take care that you read the correct articles. Also, you are not required to purchase a textbook but you are required to acquaint yourselves with the following five movies:.
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