# Discuss The Method Of Tabulation And Data Presentation Pdf

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Tables are devices for presenting data simply from masses of statistical data.

While data analysis in qualitative research can include statistical procedures, many times analysis becomes an ongoing iterative process where data is continuously collected and analyzed almost simultaneously. Indeed, researchers generally analyze for patterns in observations through the entire data collection phase Savenye, Robinson, The form of the analysis is determined by the specific qualitative approach taken field study, ethnography content analysis, oral history, biography, unobtrusive research and the form of the data field notes, documents, audiotape, videotape. An essential component of ensuring data integrity is the accurate and appropriate analysis of research findings.

## Tabulation and Presentation: Meaning, objectives and Types of Classification

Classification of statistical data serves the following purposes: 1. It condenses the raw data into a form suitable for statistical analysis. It removes complexities and highlights the features of the data. It facilitates comparisons and drawing inferences from the data. It provides information about the mutual relationships among elements of a data set. It helps in statistical analysis by separating elements of the data set into homogeneous groups and hence brings out the points of similarity and dissimilarity.

We at Yuksom Breweries Limited understands the need for a quality brew in a culture prevalent with rich brewing tradition, along with an attitude for good taste was established in Get social:. What is data in statistics PPT? Complex tabulation gives information regarding two mutually dependent designed to explain the problem under consideration. It may be simple, double or complex depending upon the type of classification.

When conducting survey analysis, cross tabulations also referred to as cross-tabs are a quantitative research method appropriate for analyzing the relationship between two or more variables. Cross tabulations provide a way of analyzing and comparing the results for one or more variables with the results of another or others. The axes of the table may be specified as being just one variable or formed from a number of variables. The resulting table will have as many rows and columns as there are codes in the corresponding axis specification. In many research reports, survey results are presented in aggregate only — meaning, the data tables are based on the entire group of survey respondents.

## Graphical Representation

Graphical representation refers to the use of charts and graphs to visually display, analyze, clarify, and interpret numerical data, functions, and other qualitative structures. Graphical representation refers to the use of intuitive charts to clearly visualize and simplify data sets. Data is ingested into graphical representation of data software and then represented by a variety of symbols, such as lines on a line chart, bars on a bar chart, or slices on a pie chart, from which users can gain greater insight than by numerical analysis alone. Representational graphics can quickly illustrate general behavior and highlight phenomenons, anomalies, and relationships between data points that may otherwise be overlooked, and may contribute to predictions and better, data-driven decisions. The types of representational graphics used will depend on the type of data being explored.

Tabulation is the systematic arrangement of the statistical data in columns or rows. It involves the orderly and systematic presentation of numerical data in a form designed to explain the problem under consideration. Tabulation helps in drawing the inference from the statistical figures. Tabulation prepares the ground for analysis and interpretation. Therefore a suitable method must be decided carefully taking into account the scope and objects of the investigation, because it is very important part of the statistical methods. In general, the tabulation is classified in two parts, that is a simple tabulation, and a complex tabulation. Simple tabulation, gives information regarding one or more independent questions.

Data analysis is a process of inspecting, cleansing , transforming , and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, informing conclusions, and supporting decision-making. Data analysis has multiple facets and approaches, encompassing diverse techniques under a variety of names, and is used in different business, science, and social science domains. In today's business world, data analysis plays a role in making decisions more scientific and helping businesses operate more effectively. Data mining is a particular data analysis technique that focuses on statistical modeling and knowledge discovery for predictive rather than purely descriptive purposes, while business intelligence covers data analysis that relies heavily on aggregation, focusing mainly on business information. EDA focuses on discovering new features in the data while CDA focuses on confirming or falsifying existing hypotheses. Predictive analytics focuses on the application of statistical models for predictive forecasting or classification, while text analytics applies statistical, linguistic, and structural techniques to extract and classify information from textual sources, a species of unstructured data.

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Если будет ошибка, мы попробуем снова, пока не добьемся успеха. - Плохой совет, мистер Беккер, - огрызнулся Джабба.  - Нужно сразу быть точным. У шифров-убийц обычно есть функция злопамятства - чтобы не допустить использования метода проб и ошибок. Некорректный ввод только ускорит процесс разрушения.

Тебе пора отправляться домой.

В случае перегрева он выключится без чьей-либо помощи. - Вы сумасшедший, - с презрением в голосе ответил Хейл.  - Мне наплевать, даже если ваш ТРАНСТЕКСТ взлетит на воздух. Эту проклятую машину так или иначе следует объявить вне закона. Стратмор вздохнул. - Оставь эти штучки детям, Грег.

Чатрукьян ввалился в комнату. - Коммандер… сэр, я… извините за беспокойство, но монитор… я запустил антивирус и… - Фил, Фил, - нехарактерным для него ласковым тоном сказал Стратмор.  - Потише и помедленнее. Что случилось. По голосу Стратмора, мягкому и спокойному, никто никогда не догадался бы, что мир, в котором он жил, рушится у него на глазах.

Он трудится день и ночь. Тебе это отлично известно. Она пожала плечами: - Быть может, Стратмору не хотелось задерживаться здесь вчера вечером для подготовки отчета. Он же знал, что Фонтейн в отъезде, и решил уйти пораньше и отправиться на рыбалку. - Да будет тебе, Мидж.